Schooling is formally compulsory for anyone aged 6 to 15 years. After 6 years of primary school, an entrance exam is hired for the country’s only secondary school at Vaitupu, which can only receive about 20% of the age bracket, which means that some go abroad for such education. There is also a vocational school for sailors, which started in 1979. The country has no higher education, which can therefore also be obtained abroad.
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Apisai Ielemia was inaugurated in August 2006 as the country’s new prime minister. In her first speech, she stated that she wanted to increase freedom of the press, and at the same time accused the previous government of “putting pressure on and threatening” the country’s mass media.
Ielemia continued the country’s tradition of close relations with Taiwan and visited the island in December 2007. On the other hand, he broke a long tradition in a country that is otherwise used to dismiss its prime ministers by distrust. In 2010, he seemed to have to spend his time there.
In December 2010, Willy Telavi switched sides to the opposition, and on the same day helped bring down the government with a vote of no confidence. Telavi became prime minister in a new government. In June 2013, Telavi lost an important supplementary election in Nukufetau, and the government thereby became a minority in parliament. It triggered a constitutional crisis involving the governor and where Telavi tried to oust the governor. Instead, he dismissed Telavi as prime minister and the opposition’s Enele Sopoaga was deployed as acting prime minister in August.
Tuvalu came under international scrutiny when the EU boycotted Iranian oil in 2012. As a result, a number of Iranian oil tankers changed to sail under Tuvalu’s flag. It got Australia to threaten the small island state.
On September 5, 2013, Sopoaga Majuro signed the declaration committing the country to relying 100% on renewable energy sources by 2020. 95% of the country’s electricity supply already comes from solar cells.
The highest point in the country is 4.5 meters above sea level and therefore the country is threatened with annihilation due to global climate change. The country is part of the Polynesian government forum, which includes is working to push the western world to limit CO 2 emissions. In September 2013, Sopoaga declared that it would not be an option for Tuvalu’s inhabitants to emigrate as a result of climate change. “That would be a defeat in itself”. The Prime Minister felt that Tuvalu should instead focus on mobilizing the opinion in the Pacific and in the rest of the world, “to do the right thing” about climate change. In January 2014, he set up the National Advisory Council on Climate Change. Its mission was to identify actions or strategies to achieve greater energy efficiency, increase the use of renewable energy sources, encourage the private sector and NGOs to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, ensure that the government develops policies that can deal with change and prevent disasters, and encourage the private sector and the NGO ‘
In March 2015, parliamentary elections were held. The 15 members were elected on 7 islands, each with 2 members and 1 island with 1 member. All candidates were independent. Subsequently, Enele Sopoaga was re-elected as Prime Minister.