State Route 12 and 1 in Nebraska
State Route 12, also known as Highway 12 is a state route in the U.S. state of Nebraska. The road forms a fairly long east-west route through the north of the state, parallel to the South Dakota border. Highway 12 runs from Valentine to near Jackson and is 372 kilometers long.
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Highway 12 follows the border with the state of South Dakota everywhere and is often no more than 20 kilometers from it. The road leads through sparsely populated areas, consisting of ranchland and rangeland in the west and agricultural land, often with circular irrigation. The road begins in the town of Valentine on US 83. Valentine is the main town on the route and the largest town in this part of Nebraska. Highway 12 parallels the Niobrara River at first, then runs east between the Niobrara River and Missouri River. The villages on the route are mostly small and far apart. At Niobrara one crosses the eponymous Niobrara River, after which Highway 12 runs well south of the cities of Yankton and Vermillion in South Dakota. Highway 12 ends west of Jackson on US 20, not far from Sioux City. Highway 12 intersects several north-south running US Highways, such as US 81, US 83, US 183, and US 281. The road is two lanes everywhere.
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Highway 12 was one of the original state highways of 1921 and ran from Omaha to Oakland in the east of the state at the time. This north-south route was renumbered Highway 5 in the major renumbering of 1925, later Highway 9 and then US 77.
Present-day Highway 12 was introduced as an east-west route through northern Nebraska in the major renumbering of 1925, but then started further east near the hamlet of Jamison on the South Dakota border and then east through Butte to Jackson. In the 1930s this was largely a gravel road. To the west there was Highway 7 between Valentine and Springview, in 1938 this was largely a dirt road that was also different because of the gridwalked. The missing section between Springview and Butte was constructed in the mid-1950s and the entire route from Valentine to Jackson was numbered Highway 12. In 1957 considerable parts were still gravel or dirt roads. In the early 1960s, sections were provided with chipseal surfacing, particularly east of US 81 and between Butte and Niobrara. It was not until the 1970s that Highway 12 was continuously paved.
Outlaw Trail Scenic Byway
The route from Valentine to Sioux City has been designated a scenic byway, the “Outlaw Trail,” a route outlaws took in the 19th century. The Outlaw Trail follows Highway 12 for its entire length. In the area are several viewpoints and tourist attractions, especially aimed at the Native Americans.
Usually 300 vehicles drive daily between Valentine and Springview and 100 to 300 vehicles between Springview and Butte. From Butte to Niobrara, there are 300 to 500 vehicles per day and 500 to 1,500 vehicles on the eastern section from Crofton to Jackson.
State Route 1 in Nebraska
State Route 1, also known as Highway 1 is a state route in the U.S. state of Nebraska. The road forms an east-west route in the southeast of the state, from Elmwood to Murray. Highway 1 is 43 kilometers long.
Highway 1 consists of a north-south and east-west section. The first section heads 7 miles north from US 34, through Elmwood to Murdock, then turns east. The road then continues eastwards for 32 kilometers across the flat agricultural areas. There are no larger towns on the route. Highway 1 ends at the village of Murray on US 75, 35 kilometers south of Omaha.
Highway 1 was not one of the original state highways of 1921, but was added with the 1925 renumbering. At the time, the road formed a long east-west route through northern Nebraska, from the Wyoming border at Harrison to the Iowa border at South Sioux City. This became part of US 20 in 1926.
When US 20 took over the route of the original Highway 1, the number was assigned to the current route in the same year. This replaced Highway 30 due to the introduction of US 30 into Nebraska. Highway 1 has followed the exact current route since 1926. In the 1930s it was a gravel road. The western part was provided with a chip seal paving in the mid-1960s. Only later is Highway 1 fully asphalted.
The road usually handles between 1,000 and 2,000 vehicles per day and is therefore a quiet route.