Sierra Leone Education

Sierra Leone Education

The primary school is 6 years old from the children is 6 years old, high school is 6 years old (3 + 3 years). There are major differences in school coverage between cities and rural areas. In Sierra Leone is the oldest institution of higher education in West Africa, the so-called Fourah Bay College in Freetown, established in 1827 by an English missionary company. In 1967, the University of Sierra Leone was established on the basis of this college. After the civil war in the 1990s, the new rulers prioritized the integration of child soldiers into society.

Sierra Leone Schooling

In September 1981, the national organization declared a general strike, demanding changes in the country’s economic policy. The strike affected the entire country, seriously questioning Steven’s regime and forcing him to make a number of concessions.

In the urban areas, food shortages – especially rice – became chronic. Furthermore, there were regular interruptions in the supply of water, fuel and electricity. Smuggling increased at the same time as inflation and the generally rising cost of living led to a 60% reduction in workers’ real wages. The delayed payment of wages became the rule rather than the exception. MPs were paid their salaries in sacks of rice, which afterwards were sold on the black market with great profits.

Gradually, 70% of foreign trade was over the black market controlled by Lebanese traders. The smuggling of gold and diamonds was estimated at nearly $ 150 million annually, while the official export value in 1984 was $ 14 million.

The 1982 elections culminated in violent riots, and in 1983 Liberia informed that there were 4,000 refugees from Sierra Leone in this country.

In November 1985, Syaka Stevens handed over power to Joseph Momoh – one of his ministers – but without any major changes in the country’s crisis.

In 1987, the country was declared in an economic state of emergency, which resulted in all rights to gold and diamonds trading being concentrated in the hands of the state, the imposition of an import duty of 15% and a reduction in public wages.

In March 1991, partisans operating from Liberian territory occupied 3 border villages. The attack involving partisans from Burkina Faso, Liberia and Sierra Leone affected one third of the country.

On April 13, 1991, President Momoh declared that Nigeria and Ghana made available troops to drive the partisans out of the country again. Sierra Leone, Guinea and Nigeria are all members of the West African Common Market, which signed a peace agreement with Liberia in 1990.

In August 1991, a new constitution was passed by a referendum which reintroduced the multiparty regime. Meanwhile, the economic crisis continued to worsen, in parallel with permanent charges of corruption.

In 1992, the government initiated a structural adjustment program presented by the IMF. Former World Bank official James Funa was named new finance minister. He introduced foreign exchange controls, foreign capital incentives to extract the country’s natural resources and extensive privatization, as well as a comprehensive purge of corruption in the state apparatus.

On April 29, Captain Valentine Strasser took power in a coup d’etat. He suspended the constitution, formed the National Provisional Government Council, banned the political parties and took over the post of finance minister. In June, the government’s civilian members were excluded, and it was renamed the Supreme Council of State. Press censorship was also introduced.

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