During the colonial era, the education of the indigenous population was neglected. Schooling is now compulsory between 7 and 14 years. In principle, all children start primary school, but about 15% quit school prematurely and only one student out of three goes on to secondary school. The proportion of girls is as high as the proportion of boys, even in secondary school. Portuguese has been retained as a language in teaching, but some effort is being made to develop Creole dialects.
|Land area||964 km²|
|Residents per km²||219|
|Income per capita||$ 3,200|
|Currency||São Tomé Dobra|
|ISO 3166 code||ST|
|Time zone UTC||± 0|
|Geographic coordinates||1 00 N, 7 00 O|
Since 2006, there is a branch of a Portuguese university in São Tomé and the government has plans to open a national university.
Reading and writing skills are among the higher in Africa; In 2009, it was estimated at 89% among the population over 15 years (94% for men and 84% for women).
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