Australia is a country in the Southern Hemisphere, it completely occupies the entire Australian mainland, as well as the island of Tasmania and several other islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. Australia is the 6th state by area in the world.
According to Ehotelat.com, the capital is Canberra. The official language is Australian English. Currency – Australian dollar. The board is a constitutional monarchy with a federal structure.
A visa to Australia is issued within 25 days from the date of submission of the following documents: an international passport, a photocopy of a domestic passport, a photograph, completed questionnaires, a certificate of employment and evidence of financial solvency.
Australia varies dramatically by region. The climate is tropical in the north, temperate in the south. The tropical region, covering about 40% of the country, has two seasons: a hot, humid period (rains in February and March) and a warm, dry period. South Australia has four seasons. January and February are the warmest, June-July are the coldest. It rains almost at any time of the year.
Moscow time plus 6-8 hours (depending on the time zone of Australia).
The word “Australia” comes from the Latin australis. which means southern. In simple colloquial speech, Australians use the word “Oz” to refer to Australia, and the Australian population uses the word “Aussie” to refer to the adjective “Australian”.
Australia is famous for its extraordinary natural beauty. Amazing landscapes are combined with a unique wildlife. Only in Australia you can see the platypus, echidna, the world’s largest rodent – the wombat, not to mention koalas, kangaroos, emus and various types of parrots.
Animal world of Australia so amazing that even for their coat of arms, the Australians chose images of emus and kangaroos. Australia’s eight natural wonders are world-famous: the Twelve Apostles – pointed rocks protruding from the ocean off the coast in Melbourne; the Blue Mountains in Sydney; Great Barrier Reef; Kakadu National Park in Darwin; Ayers Rock, Olgas, Kinge Canyon and Devils Marbells Alice Springs.
The largest and oldest city in Australia – Sydney – was founded in 1788 on the shores of a convenient bay, which is considered one of the most beautiful in the world. The bay and port are the heart of the city. Melbourne captivates tourists with its cozy atmosphere, which is so different from European capitals, Moscow or St. Petersburg.
We are used to the fact that the city center is built up mainly with high-rise buildings, and one- and two-story private mansions within the city are rare for us. Melbourne is completely different: the beautiful Southgate district, which is a kind of visiting card of Melbourne, adjoins the city directly. For a long time, Melbourne and Sydney competed unsuccessfully for the right to be the capital of Australia.
In order to put an end to all disputes and strife, the government made a bold decision to build a new city on an empty spot on the road between these two cities. And Canberra became the capital of Australia – a city created on the shores of an artificial lake, according to the original project of Burley Griffin.
Thanks to its surprisingly correct planning, taking into account all the features of the landscape, the city has become an invariable model in all textbooks on urban planning. A colorful mosaic of Australian experiences is made up of the charm of gay Sydney, the soft appeal of Melbourne, the rugged beauty of the pristine mountains of Tasmania, the unique underwater world of the Great Barrier Reef and, of course, the world-famous beach resorts of the Gold Coast.
The bulk of the population of Australia – 95% – are Europeans (mostly immigrants from England and Ireland), emigrants from the Middle East make up 4%, Australian Aborigines – 1.5%. Official language: English with a local accent. Religion: 26% of believers are Catholics and adherents of the Anglican Church, 20% are Protestants, the remaining 4% are Orthodox, Jews, Muslims, Buddhists. Largest cities: Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth.
The Cocos Islands are a group of 27 small coral islands located in the Indian Ocean. Outer territory of Australia.
Norfolk – a small island in the Pacific Ocean between Australia and New Zealand. It is the only non-mainland Australian self-governing territory.
Christmas Island is an island in the Indian Ocean, the outer territory of Australia.
Tasmania is famous for its untouched nature and pleasant temperate climate. Tasmania is considered the best fishing destination in all of Australia. The island is located 240 km. south of the mainland and separated from it by the Bass Strait. The climate in the north of the island is subtropical, in the south it is temperate.
The country of Australia is a giant island somewhere on the outskirts of the earth
Ships did not sail here, and white hunters did not disturb the local forests. Just two hundred years ago, Cook opened Australia to the British.
Then gold was found, and the Europeans rushed here in a stream, sweeping away everything in their path. During this time, much has gone, but the main thing still remained unchanged – the extraordinary beauty of nature and the indestructible good nature of this land Karta.
On the map, Australia is located near Antarctica. Australia looks like a huge island, but is considered the mainland. She owns Fr. Tasmania and many small islands of Oceania.
A significant part of the mainland is occupied by deserts – a dead heart, but dense tropical forests grow in river valleys. From the Pacific Ocean along the coast of Australia stretches the Great Barrier Reef. The flora and fauna of the mainland are fantastic. This is the only continent where marsupials have survived.
Resorts and attractions in Australia
Australia is the oldest continent, as well as a holiday destination for an amateur. A significant part of it is plains covered with deserts and swamps. But at the same time it is the most unusual continent on our planet. World-famous koalas and kangaroos live here, and the platypus, although it is a mammal, leads an aquatic lifestyle.
Sydney (eng. Sydney) is the largest city in Australia with an area of 12,144.6 km2 and a population of 4.5 million people. Sydney is the capital of the state of New South Wales. The city was founded in 1788 by Arthur Philip, who arrived here at the head of the First Fleet, and was the site of the first colonial European settlement in Australia. The city was named by the colonists in honor of Lord Sydney, who was at that time the Minister of the British Colonies. The city of Sydney is famous for its opera house, the Harbor Bridge and its beaches. Residential areas of greater Sydney are surrounded by national parks. The coastline (both the outer sea and the inner cities) is very indented. It has many bays, coves, islets and beaches.
Archaeological research has found that the first Aboriginal settlements on the territory of modern Sydney appeared about 40 thousand years ago. The natives who inhabited this area belonged to the Kadygal group. Before the arrival of Europeans, they owned the area located south of Port Jackson Bay, where the central areas of the city are currently located. Although it is rather difficult to name the exact number of aborigines who lived in this area before the arrival of Europeans, it is assumed that there were 4000-8000 people. The first European to visit Port Jackson was James Cook on April 29, 1770. On December 18, 1788, Captain Arthur Philip landed in the southern part of Port Jackson. The expedition explored the surrounding areas for three weeks, and on January 26, 1788, Philip determined the most convenient place for founding the future city. This date is considered the founding of Sydney.
Sydney has long been the main place of exile for British prisoners. Although from 1815, after the end of the Napoleonic Wars, free immigration began to gain momentum, in 1820 approximately 40% of the population were prisoners. In 1789, the French navigator La Perouse visited Botan Bay, and soon after that, among the natives who inhabited the area immediately adjacent to Sydney, a severe smallpox epidemic broke out, as a result of which thousands of natives died.
Lake Eyre. The lake, with an area of about 3,600 square kilometers, is the lowest point in Australia, about 50 feet below sea level. Reports show that the lake was completely filled with water only three times in the 20th century – in 1950, 1974 and 1984.