The education system was characterized in the early 1990s by the fact that almost half of the families lived below the poverty line, while a growing class of entrepreneurs and skilled workers demanded good education. Although the Constitution prescribes compulsory schooling for everyone aged 6-15 and guarantees free education, one third of the younger pupils came to school only part-time, and among the 10-14 year olds, almost one-fifth did not appear at all. The primary school is 6 years old, beginning at the age of 6–7. The secondary school is also six years old, with two stages every three years. The intake increased fivefold from 1960 to 1990, but quarrying was great.
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|Land area||75,420 km²|
|Residents per km²||51.6|
|Income per capita||$ 25,400|
|ISO 3166 code||PA|
|Time zone UTC||-5|
|Geographic coordinates||9 00 N, 80 00 W.|
Higher education was conducted at the beginning of the 1990s at two state universities, one general and one technological, and four private universities. The quality of teaching is low, since the teachers have no research experience. In the 1990s Panama, the education of technicians, who can promote modernization, as well as the attempts to reach the extremely poor to give them the skills to raise their standard of living, is given priority.
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