North Korea Education

North Korea Education


North Korea has built up a well-organized education system, and literacy is estimated at 98%. Since the 1970s, the duty-free compulsory school has been 11 years old. Schooling starts at the age of 5 with a preschool year and then follows a 4-year primary school and a 6-year secondary school. The course set is broadly similar to that of other countries, but the training also includes some weekly lessons with ideological training. English is a compulsory second language from the age of 14. Schooling also includes work in factories and in agriculture.

North Korea Schooling

Higher education is provided at universities, technical colleges and a variety of vocational colleges. The most famous universities are Kim Il Sung University and Pyongyang University of Science and Technology (PUST). PUST is the first private university in North Korea and is funded by funds from mainly South Korea but also China and the United States. It was officially opened in September 2009 and will have up to 200 higher education students from both Korean states. The goal is for PUST to contribute to North Korea’s economic development through education in primarily business economics, information technology, international trade and biotechnology.

But the United States rejected negotiations and cut off supplies of oil to the country. It prompted North Korea to restart its experimental response in Yongbyon and expel all IAEA inspectors. In January 2003, North Korea also announced that it withdrew from the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. The country’s conclusion from the US war on Iraq was that when the superpower had nevertheless decided to wage war on attacks in violation of international law, it was better to defend itself – even when it required the development of nuclear weapons. In parallel with a multilateral negotiation process between the parties involved in Beijing, North Korea continues its development of medium-range missiles and its nuclear weapons program. In March 2004, members of the Bush administration declared that North Korea was the next country on the list of countries the United States would wage war on.

In April 2004, over 150 died and 1300 were injured in an explosion in Ryongchon near the China border. Acc. authorities blamed on the explosion that electric cables shorted and triggered an explosion in chemical substances aboard a speeding train. After the disaster, several countries – including South Korea, Germany, Australia and Japan – sent disaster relief. Even the United States pledged to send through US $ 100,000 through the Red Cross. Despite the limited size of the amount, analysts perceived it as a positive signal from Washington over the governance of Pyongyang.

In May, 5 young people from North Korea arrived in Tokyo. They were children of Japanese who had been abducted by North Korean agents 25 years earlier. Up to two years before, young people had not known anything about their origins, but had grown up like other young people in North Korea. Their parents had preferred not to explain to them about their background, for fear of what might happen to them, for Japan is still considered by North Korea as a historical enemy. When then-Japanese Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi visited Pyongyang in September 2002 to meet with Kim Jong-il, the North Korean head of state had admitted that many years ago, the country’s agents had abducted 13 Japanese for the purpose of teaching North Korean agents Japanese, Japanese culture and traditions.. Among the 13, there were still 5 survivors and they were now released. Japan supplied North Korea with 250. 000 tonnes of rice and for 10 million. US $ medical device, which was perceived as “ransom” for the released kidnapped Japanese.

In September 2004, North Korea announced that it would not participate in further negotiations on the country’s nuclear program until the nuclear experiments carried out by South Korea a few years before had been thoroughly investigated. The next round of talks between Russia, North Korea, South Korea, the United States, China and Japan was otherwise scheduled to begin at the end of the same month. Until then, meetings were held in August 2003, February and June 2004 with no result other than the meetings to continue. Acc. According to various analysts, the meetings are the best instrument for dealing with the crisis surrounding the North Korean nuclear program.

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