In Nigeria, the education follows a 6-3-3 system, where the primary school lasts for 6 years, the secondary school for 3 years and the secondary school for 3 years. According to UNESCO, in 2008, 49% of the population over 15 years were illiterate.
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The official school age is 6 years. In principle, primary and lower secondary school is both free and compulsory. However, a family’s socio-economic background is of great importance to whether their children start school. In primary school, it will be taught in local languages, then in English from 4th grade. The number of private schools has increased in recent years. These do not receive public support. Check topschoolsintheusa for test centers of ACT, SAT, and GRE as well high schools in the country of Nigeria.
There are 37 public universities and a large number of higher education institutions, many of which are private.
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The Boko Haram terror group (loosely translated as “Western education is prohibited”) has attacked a number of educational institutions since the late 1990s.
In April 2014, 276 schoolgirls were kidnapped by Boko Haram from a Chibok primary school in the state of Borno. The president aired a few weeks later on the possibility of the release of Boko Haram partisans against the release of the girls, but discussions in Paris with foreign ministers from France, Britain, the US and Israel in May prompted him to abandon this plan, sparking anger in Boko Haram’s leadership and made negotiations difficult for their release. The move then fired two bombs at Jos in Plateau State, killing a total of 118 people in a tightly packed market. The abduction of the schoolgirls was condemned throughout most of the world. The girls were believed to have been brought to Chad and Cameroon where they were sold for marriage.
In a September 2014 report, Amnesty International documented that around 5,000 people had been subjected to torture in Nigeria over the previous 5 years. Children as young as 12 were subjected to torture. One of the problems was that although the country had signed the torture convention and its additional protocols, the convention is not implemented in the country’s legislation. Therefore, when the police do, they cannot even be punished for it in Nigeria.
A total of 3,428 people were killed by Boko Haram in 2014. An increase of over 200% over the previous year and an indication that the government had no control over the situation. 400,000 had fled the northern part of the country.
In January 2015, Boko Haram attacked the city of Baga and several other surrounding cities, burning almost every house down to the ground and killing them they could grab. The number of suspected killings at the massacre ranged from a few hundred to several thousands.
France’s attack on AQIM in northern Mali in 2013 spread the movement across most of the Sahel, creating a link between Boko Haram and AQIM. Boko Haram has since been trained by both AQIM and AQAP.
In January 2015, Forbes Magazine announced that the world’s richest woman was Nigerian Folorunsho Alakija, which accounted for $ 7.3 billion. US $. It was well down to 2nd place, US Oprah Winfrey which was only good for 2.9 billion. US $. Alakija had made a lot of money on oil from an oil field she had bought cheaply 20 earlier because of her friendship with the then president’s wife.
The execution of 2 Nigerians in Indonesia for drug trafficking in January led to protests in Nigeria.
Shell agreed in January to pay DKK 55 million. £ in compensation to the victims of the company’s oil spill in the Niger Delta 6 years earlier.
In January and February, Boko Haram conducted massacres against the civilian population of northeastern Nigeria. They invaded the cities of Baga and Munguno in the state of Borno, killing hundreds of civilians – especially grown men. Satellite images later revealed that 3700 houses in the area had been burned down.
The March presidential election was won by Muhammadu Buhari, who got 54% of the vote while Goodluck Jonathan got 45%. The remaining percentage was shared between the rest of the candidates. It was the first time in the country’s history that a peaceful transfer of power from a sitting president to his successor happened. However, Major Buhari himself had a past military dictatorship in 1983-85 where he took power in a coup. Buhari was deployed on the presidential post in May 2015.
Buhari’s party All Progressives Party (APC) also got an absolute majority in the elections to Congress and the Senate. Dert got 225 out of Congress’s 360 seats and 60 out of the Senate’s 109.
Like Boko Haram, the military carried out extensive war crimes in 2011-15. In July, Buhari therefore removed the entire army leadership, including 2 senior ICC officers charged with war crimes. Buhari promised to investigate the charges, but the investigations did not lead to a charge or extradition to the ICC.