In Namibia, education follows a 7-3-2 system, where the primary school lasts for 7 years, the secondary school for 3 years and the secondary school for 2 years. According to UNESCO, 23.5% of the population over 15 years were illiterate in 2007.
Before the liberation, different school systems existed for the different ethnic groups in the country. After independence in 1990, the country has established one school system, and a common, centrally established curriculum for all children in primary and secondary school has been introduced.
In principle, the public school is free. For children under the age of 16, it is compulsory to complete primary school.
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In 1992, the University of Namibia was established. There are also technical and vocational colleges, four teacher schools and three agricultural colleges.
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Windhoek, the capital of Namibia; 322,500 residents (2014). approximately In 1850 there was a German mission station; Due to the cool climate at 1650 m altitude, the city developed into the most important administrative and commercial city in the country.
Several buildings from the German colonial period have been preserved. a fort and the Christ Church. While Namibia was administered by South Africa, the apartheid policy was also implemented here; one suburb, Khomasdal, was created for the so-called colored, and another, Katutura (‘the place where we do not like to live’), for the blacks.
With Namibia’s independence in 1990, Windhoek became the nation’s capital, and a number of new government buildings were erected in the city center, which now appear with modern high-rise buildings, offices and businesses. However, despite the abolition of apartheid laws, the majority of the population still lives in the same suburbs.
Since 1991, the city has grown steadily, which has increased the pressure on infrastructure. Water supply in particular is a problem and a 250 km long water pipeline is planned for the Okavango River. However, several years of good rainfall have led to the plan being temporarily shelved. The city has an international airport and has several roads, including. Trans-Kalahari main road, connected to South Africa.