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Children and School
Montenegro’s current school system has largely developed while the state was still a part of the republic of socialist Yugoslavia. It is also very similar to Serbian, after all, the two countries still belonged together even after the collapse of the Second Yugoslavia.
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Almost all schools are state-run, and schooling is compulsory. This is valid for eight years and begins for the children when they are six years old. Then they first go to primary school, which is again divided into two levels. After each school year you get a certificate as an admission ticket to the next class.
Anyone who wants to go to secondary school after primary school must first take a kind of entrance examination. This is held in the form of a primary school final exam. Then you can choose between different branches.
For example, there are schools with a focus on art, vocational schools or general high schools like ours. After that, if you pass the exam, you can study.
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What language is taught in Montenegro?
There are several official languages in Montenegro. In addition to Montenegrin, Serbian, Bosnian, Albanian and Croatian are the official languages in some regions. However, these languages are very similar (except for Albanian) and are also viewed as a single language. Only the individual ethnic groups insist on their own name for their language.
Although the majority of the residents in Montenegro are Montenegrins, the most widely spoken language is Serbian. This is because Serbia and Montenegro have long belonged to one state and Serbia had great influence over the country. In schools too, teaching is mainly in Serbian. In some areas where minorities live, the language is also taught.
Does the education system work in Montenegro?
Compared to other European countries, the level of education in Montenegro is rather low. Women in particular are often unable to read or write in remote parts of the country. There are also fewer girls than boys going to school. In addition, in some areas an above-average number of children drop out of school.
Roma children in Montenegro
Some children in Montenegro are far worse off than others, especially the children from Roma families. Some do not speak the language that is taught in school and have little opportunity to learn it. The families living in refugee camps and remote areas are also geographically cut off from education.
Children with disabilities
It is particularly difficult for children with mental or physical disabilities in Montenegro. Families are mostly helpless in the face of the disease and do not receive sufficient support from the Montenegrin health system. They are treated badly and are often victims of the corporal punishment, which is sometimes common in both schools and at home in Montenegro.