Main Cities and Resorts in Serbia
Atmospheric, hospitable Belgrade is the capital of Serbia, one of the oldest cities in Europe, the “gateway” to the Balkans. It stands at the crossroads of ancient trade routes, at the intersection of two rivers: the Danube and the Sava. Such an arrangement is both a boon and a punishment: the struggle for the city has been going on for centuries, and even 100 years that have passed in peace and prosperity cannot be found in its history. The echoes of the war can still be heard today: Belgrade still bears traces of the 1999 NATO bombings. But the scars, oddly enough, only adorn its eclectic appearance. Shady parks and noisy avenues, graceful palaces and majestic temples, ancient fortress walls and glass skyscrapers – this is the modern portrait of the Serbian capital.
And here there is a very special mood, familiar to every fan of the films of Emir Kusturica. It is also woven from contrasts: the bitter memory of the long-suffering people is intertwined with Balkan-style reckless fun and unquenchable optimism. Hospitable Belgrade is always glad to travelers: walking along the embankments, relaxing on the beaches, getting acquainted with the original Serbian culture, you feel not at a party, but at home.
According to directoryaah, Novi Sad, the second largest city in Serbia, is located in the north of the country on the banks of the Danube River. It was founded by Orthodox Serbs in 1694, and already in the 18-19 centuries it became a cultural capital and an important trade and manufacturing center, for which it received the nickname “Serbian Athens”. Its name, translated from Serbian, means “new plantation”. During the revolution of 1848-1849. and after the bombing in Kosovo in 1999, the city was badly damaged, but each time it was restored.
Today, Novi Sad is part of independent Serbia and has regained the status of the cultural capital: it is here that all the cultural treasures of the region are concentrated: museums, art galleries and architectural monuments.
Nis is the largest city in southern Serbia and the third largest city in the country. The oldest city in the Balkans, Niš, has been considered a gateway between East and West since ancient times. Here was born Constantine the Great – the first Christian Roman emperor, the founder of Constantinople. Nis is home to one of the oldest Christian churches in Serbia, dating back to the 4th century AD. e. In 2013, an ecumenical Assembly of Christian Churches was held in Nis in honor of the 1700th anniversary of the Edict of Milan.
Subotica is the northernmost city in Serbia and the largest Magyar-speaking city in the country. More than half of the population here speaks Hungarian, and the city itself and its environs are a kind of sight with a clear national flavor. The city lies just 10 km from the Hungarian border, in the heart of the Pannonian Plain. To the north of Subotica, the famous Pushta (steppe region) begins, and in the south a strip of orchards and vineyards stretches.
The pleasant climate, the bounty of the curative thermal mineral springs and the rich cultural and historical tradition of these places are the main reasons why more and more visitors come to Sokoban every year. The resort is located in southeastern Serbia, 230 km from Belgrade at the foot of the Ozren Mountains at an altitude of 400 m above sea level. The river Moravica flows through the resort, Bovansko Lake is located nearby, and in addition to Ozren, the bathhouse is surrounded by the mountains Rtan, Devitsa and Bukovik. The mountains around the bath are rich in forests and medicinal herbs. The first records about the bath appear in the distant 1413 in the annals of Constantine the Philosopher, and there is evidence that even the Romans founded settlements here. It is known that since the 15th century, the Turks built their hammams here.
The calming effect of the continental climate, the high concentration of oxygen, ozone and negative ions in the clean air, pleasant atmospheric pressure, moderate rainfall, foggy and windy days – all these conditions create an ideal atmosphere for relaxation and treatment of various diseases in Sokoban.
The presence of special elements in the air and oligo-mineral waters (temperature from 28°C to 45°C), which are used for bathing and inhalation, help in the treatment of many diseases. Thermal waters of Sokobani are classified as radioactive with thermo-alkaline properties. Radon gas is also used in the treatment, and diseases that are successfully treated in Sokoban are bronchial asthma, chronic hepatitis, psychoneurosis, tuberculosis, tumors, bleeding, etc.
Near Sokobani there are many places for excursions: Sokograd fortress, Lake Bovanskoe, the source of the Moravica River, etc.
Bukovichka Banya is located at the foot of the Bukule Mountains at an altitude of 256 m above sea level. The bath belongs to the community of Arandjelovac, 75 km south of Belgrade. The healing properties of the bath were first noticed in 1811, and since then Bukovicka bath has been one of the most visited spas in Serbia. On the territory of the resort there is a Special Clinic “Bukovichka Banya”, which uses the most modern methods of treating the digestive system, diseases of the pancreas, respiratory tract and musculoskeletal system, childhood diabetes, etc.
The clinic is located in the Bukovicka Banya park, where marble sculptures are installed and the residence of Prince Mihail Obrenović is located. The park is ideal for recreation and sports, there is a shooting gallery, an outdoor pool with mineral water, an indoor pool at the Izvor Hotel, and so on.
In addition to four springs with cold (13-14°C) mineral water, where the well-known water “Prince Miloš” is bottled, there are thermal mineral waters with a temperature of +25°C in the bathhouse. The waters differ in temperature, the amount of carbonic acid and the concentration of mineral salts.
Near the bathhouse there is the historically significant town of Orasac, the Bukulja Mountains, the Garashko Lake and the Risovac Cave.
Atomska banya Gornja Trepca is located only 130 km from Belgrade and 18 km from the town of Cacak. Banya, a real oasis of peace and quiet, is surrounded by wooded hills and mountains Vujan and Bukovik, the source is located in the pit of the Banya River at an altitude of 460 m above sea level. The source of the Atomskaya bath was discovered by the Romans, and its waters are considered unique throughout the world: they help people diagnosed with multiple sclerosis, stop the development of the disease and reduce symptoms.
The Atom bath is specific in its properties. The thermal mineral water of the resort “Atomska Banya” is slightly alkaline, hydrocarbonate, oligomineral, acrothermal. Water temperature +29.8°C. This is one of the most studied mineral waters in Serbia, the first chemical analyzes were carried out as early as 1904. Due to its physical and chemical characteristics, water is very rare. The concentration of micro- and macroelements, as well as the presence of radioactive elements and their interaction give the water its characteristic healing properties, especially beneficial to the nervous and muscle tissue.
In the resort, the Vuyan Hotel is a fundamental link, near the resort there is the Church of the Holy Mother of God, built in 1894, and the Vuyan Monastery from the 14th century.
Lukovska Banya is located in the valley of the Lukovska River on the eastern slopes of the popular ski resort Kopaonik. The bathhouse is located at an altitude of 680 m above sea level – it is the highest mountain bathhouse in Serbia. The real mountain climate, dense forests and high oxygen concentrations create ideal conditions for treatment. The temperature of the local water varies from 36 °C to 69 °C, and the jet beats at a speed of 100 liters per second, due to which Lukovskaya bath is considered one of the richest in the region. Judging by the found plumbing and the remains of buildings from the Roman era, the healing properties of these waters were already used in antiquity. A settlement near the spring also existed in Medieval Serbia.
The thermal mineral waters of the Lukovskaya bath are rich in potassium, lithium, rubidium, cesium, strontium, cobalt and phosphorus, therefore they are used to treat rheumatic diseases, post-traumatic and post-operative conditions, joint problems, gynecological problems, infertility, skin diseases, etc.
The Church of the Holy Apostles Peter and Paul was built in Lukovskaya Banya. Of particular interest is an excursion to a workshop for the production of carpets and folk art from local wool with motifs typical of the Kopaonik region.