Primary education is free and is mainly run by three Christian missions (evangelical, Roman Catholic, Anglican) according to guidelines from the Ministry of Education. 7-year primary school is compulsory for children between 6 and 13 years. In 2000, 78% of the relevant school age began in primary school. The high school is 5 years (3 + 2 years). The National University of Lesotho in Rome, dating back to 1945, was established as a university in 1975. It has educated many of its neighboring leaders before it became possible to pursue higher education in their own homelands. Illiteracy is far less prevalent in Lesotho than in other African countries. According to UNESCO, 2003 was approx. 15% of the adult population is illiterate. Check topschoolsintheusa for test centers of ACT, SAT, and GRE as well high schools in the country of Lesotho.
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Maseru, capital of Lesotho in southern Africa; 227,900 residents (2006). The city was founded in 1869 by King Moshoeshoe 1st near his mountain fort Thaba Bosiu and on the Caledon River. Only very few original buildings have been preserved. Maseru is located at an altitude of 1500 m and is the country’s only major city; it houses all the main public buildings, including Lesotho’s landmark, a center of applied arts built like a giant traditional straw hat.