The education system has to a large extent the French model. The public schools are free of charge, but not the teaching materials. There are also many Koran schools and private Catholic schools. About 66% of boys and about 49% of girls start the six-year compulsory compulsory school, and about 43% complete it. Many quit prematurely because they are needed as labor in agriculture or at home. The classes are often large and there is a shortage of teachers. In schools above the primary level, many of the teachers are French. In 2006, there was a teacher of 46 students.
The number of literate and literary experts has increased significantly during independence. In the first place, this applies to the younger ones. About 49% of the adult population (61% of men and 39% of women) are literate. In 2006, 21.5% of the state budget was allocated to the education sector.
There are three universities, two in Abidjan and one in Bouaké. Furthermore, there are several colleges with primarily technical focus. Many students from Ivory Coast receive their education in France. In 2006, 4.6% of GDP was used for education.
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The regime’s persecution of the opposition continued through 2015. Alone in September-October, more than 50 were arrested for political reasons – most members of the opposition. Most were detained on charges of disrupting public policy or participating in illegal peaceful demonstrations. Although some of those arrested were later released, 20 were still arrested at the end of the year. Many were abused and kept in total isolation for several weeks. During the year, the regime banned at least 10 demonstrations the opposition or NGOs wished to conduct.
In January 2016, the ICC opened the lawsuit against former President Gbagbo. This one denied all charges. In May, there was a conflict between the authorities and the ICC, which in 2015 had asked to extradite Gbragbo’s wife Simone Gbagbo for prosecution. It was rejected and she was instead put to court in Abidjan.
In March, the conflict in the Sahel region spread to the Ivory Coast as the AQIM organization al-Mourabitoune, which until then had been active in northern Mali, attacked 3 hotels off the coast of Grand Bassam and killed 19. More than 80 people were subsequently arrested.
In April, the UN Security Council extended the UNOCI peacekeeping mission to the World Organization until June 30, 2017. At the same time, the arms embargo and individual sanctions that had been in force since 2004 were lifted.
In an effort to protect the country’s dwindling forest resources, authorities in July forced 15,000 cocoa farmers from Mont Péko National Park. Many families then did not have access to food, sanitation, or just the roof.