The education system has been greatly expanded since the early 1970s and includes preschool, compulsory school, colleges and vocational schools and universities. The state, which is responsible for all schools and universities, aims to promote “democracy, socialism and unity” in education policy. Since 1976, compulsory schooling has existed from the age of 6 to 11 and at the compulsory school level all education is free. Despite this, only 3/4 of the girls attend elementary school and only 10% of them go on to higher studies. Each stage concludes with extensive exams that are crucial for further studies. At higher levels there are many forms of scholarships and student support. The language of instruction is Arabic but in the autonomous Kurdish region is also taught in Kurdish.
- Agooddir: Features recent history of Iraq starting from the second world war to 21st century.
- TOPSCHOOLSINTHEUSA: Visit to find a full list of ACT testing locations in Iraq. Also covers exam dates of 2021 and 2022 for American College Test within Iraq.
Since the mid-1970s, the importance of vocational schools has been paid special attention. In 1978, it was enacted that all illiterates between the ages of 15 and 45 must register for educational programs. However, practical difficulties and the many years of war have limited the effects. In 1990, 40% of the population over 15 years were non-literate (men 30%, women 50%). In 1987, Iraq had 6 universities with 110,000 students and 19 technical institutes with 32,000 students. This was not considered sufficient, and prior to the war against Kuwait many state scholarships were awarded for study at foreign universities.
- Countryaah: Get latest country flag of Iraq and find basic information about Iraq including population, religion, languages, etc.
The United States is invading Iraq
On March 20, the United States launched its war on Iraq. While the father’s Gulf War in 1991 had support from almost all over the world, the Bush junior war coalition now consisted of the United States, Britain, Australia, Poland and Denmark alone. Right from the start, the war coalition met far more resistance from the Iraqis than anticipated. Despite the overwhelming military force, the cities of southern Iraq stubbornly resisted the invasion force, the US military columns were attacked by the Iraqi military and the Fedayeen forces. The United States had stated in advance that the Iraqis would fall “liberators” around their necks, but that proved not to be the case. For several days, it sparked divisions in the US war machine, with generals criticizing US Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld for acting unselfishly, discarding military planners’ plans, and deployed too few land forces. Military experts started talking about the war could take months or years. Meanwhile, prices plunged on the world’s stock exchanges, fearing a protracted war followed by high oil prices.
The Western media was predominantly marked by the North American war propaganda, where the war was renamed “campaign” and the victims were absent. On the other hand, they were not at the Arab TV station al Jazeera. The United States has never breached al Jazeera, and bombed the station’s office in Baghdad, just as its office in Kabul had been bombed barely 1½ years before. Neither did the Iraqi government care about all of Jazeera’s coverage, and during the war expelled an al Jazeera journalist who was accused of spying in favor of the United States.
After 2 weeks of war, the war turned for the United States. Baghdad International Airport dropped and a few days later – April 8 – Baghdad itself fell. It is still not revealed why Baghdad fell so quickly after the cities in the south had been holding off for several weeks. However, persistent rumors say that the United States bribed the Iraqi generals with millions of dollars to abandon the defense. Pretty much the same method the US had used 1½ years before to defeat the Taliban in southern Afghanistan.
The problem for the United States, however, was that the superpower was not met as liberators. The United States, therefore, had to stage the events themselves. The US Marines toppled a statue of Saddam Hussein in central Baghdad, letting the TV images go around the world. As enthusiasm was still difficult to get hold of the Iraqi civilian population, the US troops followed. several independent sources started urging the civilian population to carry out looting of all public buildings. Tanks drove into i.e. The Justice Department and Arab interpreters in the tanks then called on the Iraqis to plunder the building. Over the following days, the raids took off – either actively encouraged by the North American troops, or with them as passive spectators. The purpose should apparently be to create a situation where the US could say, that the Iraqi people “made up for the hated dictatorship” and where at the same time such anarchic conditions were created that the US forces had to stay to ensure “peace and order”. In those days, ministries, hospitals, schools, the National Bank, the National Museum, and all other public buildings were looted with U.S. Marines as passive bystanders. However, there were 2 exceptions: the Ministry of Oil and the Department of the Interior, both of which were sharply guarded by American soldiers. Observers believe it is due to the United States’ special interest in Iraqi oil and the Iraqi intelligence service’s archives in the Department of the Interior. For the same reason, neither of the two ministries had been hit by rockets during the bombings. The Ministry of Oil and the Department of the Interior were both sharply guarded by American soldiers. Observers believe it is due to the United States’ special interest in Iraqi oil and the Iraqi intelligence service’s archives in the Department of the Interior. For the same reason, neither of the two ministries had been hit by rockets during the bombings. The Ministry of Oil and the Department of the Interior were both sharply guarded by American soldiers. Observers believe it is due to the United States’ special interest in Iraqi oil and the Iraqi intelligence service’s archives in the Department of the Interior. For the same reason, neither of the two ministries had been hit by rockets during the bombings.