|Get started||El Segundo|
Interstate 105 or I -105 is an Interstate Highway in the US state of California. The highway serves as an east-west connection in the Los Angeles metropolitan area. The highway connects the LAX Los Angeles International Airport at El Segundo with several suburbs and eventually Norwalk. The highway passes through South (Central) Los Angeles, and the “Gateway Cities”, southeast of Los Angeles. The highway is known as the Glen Anderson Freeway, after the Democratic politician who worked on its construction. Locals call the highway The 105 or The One-oh-Five Freeway. The name Century Freeway is also used incidentally.
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I-105 at the interchange with I-405.
I-105 at the interchange with I-110.
The highway begins at Sepulveda Boulevard, near the Los Angeles airport. The highway here is elevated above the underlying street network, mainly the Imperial Highway. The highway heads east, and intersects Interstate 405, the San Diego Freeway. To the north one can go to Santa Monica and the San Fernando Valley, to the south to Long Beach and San Diego. It now passes through Inglewood, Lennox, and Westmont, with several major intersections with streets such as Hawthorne Boulevard, Crenshaw Boulevard, Western Avenue, and Vermont Avenue. In Los Angeles one crosses Interstate 110, or Harbor Freeway, which runs from the ports to downtown Los Angeles. You then pass through a number of places that are not under a city government, but under Los Angeles County, although there is nothing to notice along the way, it is one big sea of houses.
Here, too, a number of important streets are crossed, such as Avalon Boulevard, Central Avenue, Wilmington Avenue, Alameda Street, Long Beach Boulevard and Atlantic Avenue. These are large north-south streets with at least 4 lanes, and which can handle quite a bit of traffic, but you will encounter a lot of traffic lights. Lynwood crosses Interstate 710, the Long Beach Freeway, which runs from Long Beach to Pasadena. This node is a large 4-level stack. It also crosses the channeled and often dry Los Angeles River.
One passes through the so-called “Gateway Cities”, a number of smaller suburbs between Los Angeles and Orange County, such as Downey and Bellflower. The area consists mainly of suburbs with closely spaced detached houses with swimming pools and palm trees. The highway eventually ends at Interstate 605, which runs from Long Beach to El Monte, and the fourth north-south route is from the west. Between here and Interstate 5, only two miles are missing, but the highway never went through Norwalk. Residential areas are also in the way here.
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The highway was already part of the plans in the 1960s, but it took until 1993 for the highway to be opened. This is the most recent major highway opening in Los Angeles. Building the highway was not easy, due to opposition from environmental groups and local groups. There were also problems because the highway would run through a criminal district. Ultimately, most of the highway was constructed below ground level. The construction was plagued by groundwater problems, particularly in Downey.
Norwalk has always opposed the construction of I-105 all the way to I-5. The road authority Caltrans has also dropped this plan, because Interstate 5 has only 2×3 lanes, and is already very congested and cannot handle additional traffic from the 105.
The opening of Interstate 105 has greatly reduced traffic on the underlying road network, as before opening, the nearest east-west freeway was 12 miles south or 12 miles north. The intensities on the parallel Santa Monica Freeway (I-10) dropped from 350,000 to 310,000 vehicles per day after I-105 opened. The intensities on the Gardena Freeway (SR-91) dropped from 220,000 to 160,000 mvt/day, bringing more than half of the traffic on I-105 from these freeways.
Immediately after opening, the intensities on I-105 were around 180,000 mvt/day.
|I-605||Sepulveda Blvd||30 km||14-10-1993|
See also Los Angeles HOV system.
The I-105 has HOV lanes between I-405 and I-605, covering almost the entire length of the highway. Some of these HOV lanes also have their own flyovers in the huge star interchange with Interstate 110. There is also a light rail in the central reservation of the I-105.
The HOV lanes on I-105 are the first to be built at the same time as the highway itself, opening to traffic on October 14, 1993. Since then, there have been no further adjustments.
Traffic is relatively low compared to other freeways in the area, such as the Santa Monica Freeway and Interstate 405. Nevertheless, parts are overloaded.
The intensities apply to the east of the relevant connection
|12||Long Beach Boulevard||179,000||215,000||235,000||229,000||230,000||205,000|
In particular, east of I-110, the traffic volumes have increased sharply between 2000 and 2006, this is because there are construction works on the I-5, causing a lot of traffic jams there. Traffic can then divert downtown via SR-91, I-605, I-105, and I-110 (or I-710). In 2008 intensities were again somewhat depressed by the economic recession.
|Exit 1||Exit 2||2×3|
|Exit 2||Exit 5||2×4|
|Exit 5||exit 8||2×5|
|exit 8||Exit 18||2×4|