It is 6 years compulsory and free elementary school from the children reaches 7 years. 80% of children start in primary school. The secondary school is 3 years old and the secondary school 2 years old. It can either be a preparation for higher education or pure vocational education. The country has six universities.
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According to UNESCO calculations, 2001 was approx. 24% illiterate people in the country, roughly equally distributed between women and men.
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Tegucigalpa, the capital of Honduras; 1.13 million residents (2010). The city is located in the central highlands in a valley surrounded by mountains, among others. El Picacho (1288 m). Due. the location at about 1000 m altitude there is a pleasant temperate climate during the rainy season (May-November), but the town is often plagued by smog.
Tegucigalpa is intersected by the river Choluteca; To the west of it lies in a flat terrain the bustling Comayagüela district, which houses the large market of San Isidro and most of the city’s light industry. East of the river up the slopes of El Picacho lies Tegucigalpa itself with the Parque Central (main square) and a late 1700-century cathedral, one of the few well-preserved colonial buildings. The city has a predominantly low-rise building, which is occasionally broken by high-rise buildings and modern North American-style business complexes. on the heavily trafficked, wide banking and business street Boulevard Morazán. The National University (1847) is found in Tegucigalpa; museums and other cultural institutions are few. To the south lies Toncontín International Airport, one of the most dangerous in Central America due to the surrounding mountains and the very short runways.
Like the rest of Honduras, Tegucigalpa is characterized by poverty and crime, and on the outskirts of the city there are widespread slums. Conditions were significantly worsened by the extensive destruction of buildings and roads as well as the loss of life caused by Hurricane Mitch and subsequent floods in 1998. Four years after Mitch, the city emerged with almost no trace of the violent floods that followed the hurricane. A new roadmap has spared the old town for traffic.
The town was founded in 1578 as a mining town with the extraction of gold and silver. It long rivaled Comayagua (about 60 km towards NV), which in 1543 had been appointed as the Spanish headquarters in Honduras, and which today remains architecturally the country’s colonial capital. In 1880, Tegucigalpa was made the official capital of the Republic of Honduras.