History Timeline of Maldives

History Timeline of Maldives

According to a2zdirectory, the history of the Maldives, an island nation in the Indian Ocean, is a story of ancient civilizations, maritime trade, colonialism, and the challenges of maintaining sovereignty in a strategic location. Here is a timeline of key events in the history of the Maldives:

Prehistoric Period:

  • Archaeological evidence suggests that the Maldives has been inhabited for over 2,000 years. Early settlers likely arrived from India, Sri Lanka, and other nearby regions.
  • The Maldives’ location along ancient trade routes contributed to its early interactions with various cultures, including those of India and the Arab world.

12th Century:

  • Islam was introduced to the Maldives, marking a significant turning point in its history. The Maldives officially adopted Islam as the state religion, and it remains predominantly Muslim to this day.

15th Century:

  • The Maldives became a sultanate under the rule of Sultan Mohammed Ibn Abdullah. This period saw the consolidation of centralized power and the establishment of a sultanate-based system of government.

16th Century:

  • Portuguese explorers, including Vasco da Gama, began arriving in the Indian Ocean region. The Portuguese attempted to establish control over the Maldives, leading to conflicts with local rulers.

17th Century:

  • The Dutch replaced the Portuguese as the dominant European power in the Indian Ocean and maintained influence over the Maldives.
  • Maldives continued to operate as a sultanate with periodic changes in leadership.

18th Century:

  • The Maldives faced external threats from regional powers, including the French and the British, as colonialism expanded in the Indian Ocean.
  • In 1887, the Maldives signed a treaty with the British, making the islands a British protectorate while allowing the Maldivian sultan to retain local control.

20th Century:

  • The Maldives gained independence from British protection in 1965, officially becoming the Republic of Maldives.


  • The Maldives experienced a brief period of republicanism under President Ibrahim Nasir. During this time, the monarchy was abolished, and the Maldives was declared a republic.


  • The Maldives returned to a presidential system of government under President Maumoon Abdul Gayoom, who held power for three decades. His presidency was marked by political stability, but also by concerns about political freedoms and human rights.


  • The Maldives was devastated by the Indian Ocean tsunami on December 26, which caused widespread destruction and loss of life. The recovery and rebuilding efforts were supported by international aid.

21st Century:

  • In the early 2000s, there was growing political opposition to President Gayoom’s rule, leading to protests and calls for democratic reforms.
  • In 2008, the Maldives held its first multiparty presidential election, and Mohamed Nasheed was elected as president. His presidency focused on environmental issues, particularly climate change, as the Maldives is vulnerable to rising sea levels.
  • In 2012, Nasheed resigned from the presidency, and Vice President Mohamed Waheed Hassan took office. Nasheed’s departure sparked controversy and political unrest.
  • In 2013, Abdulla Yameen Abdul Gayoom, a half-brother of former President Maumoon Abdul Gayoom, was elected president. His presidency was marked by political repression and allegations of corruption.
  • In 2018, Ibrahim Mohamed Solih was elected president, bringing a change in leadership and a renewed commitment to democracy and human rights.

Present Day:

  • The Maldives continues to face challenges related to climate change, including rising sea levels and extreme weather events.
  • The country relies heavily on tourism as a major source of revenue and employment.
  • The Maldives is actively involved in international environmental initiatives and climate change advocacy due to its vulnerability to climate-related challenges.

According to agooddir, the history of the Maldives is marked by its strategic location along trade routes, its cultural interactions with neighboring regions, and its ability to maintain its sovereignty despite colonial pressures. Today, the Maldives is known for its stunning coral reefs, clear blue waters, and vibrant marine life, making it a popular tourist destination and a unique cultural and natural heritage site.

Two-letter abbreviations of Maldives

According to abbreviationfinder, the two-letter abbreviation for the Maldives is “MV.” This abbreviation, recognized internationally, serves as a concise and standardized representation of the country in various contexts, including trade, travel, telecommunications, and diplomacy. Here’s an in-depth exploration of the significance and applications of the “MV” abbreviation:

  1. ISO 3166-1 Alpha-2 Code: The two-letter code “MV” is part of the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 standard, maintained by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). This globally recognized standard assigns unique two-letter codes to each country or dependent territory recognized by the United Nations. “MV” is the official ISO code for the Maldives, and it is used in various international systems and databases to uniquely identify the country.
  2. International Trade and Commerce: The “MV” abbreviation is crucial in international trade and commerce. It is included in trade agreements, shipping documentation, and invoices. When goods are imported to or exported from the Maldives, the “MV” code is used to indicate the country of origin or destination. This facilitates the tracking of shipments, simplifies customs procedures, and ensures that products are accurately categorized.
  3. Internet Domain Names: In the digital age, the “MV” code is associated with the Maldives’ country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for the internet, which is “.mv.” A ccTLD is the suffix at the end of a web address, indicating the country or territory associated with a website. Websites with the “.mv” domain suffix are typically related to entities based in or connected to the Maldives. For instance, a website with the address “www.example.mv” would typically represent a Maldivian business, organization, or individual.
  4. Telecommunications: Country codes, including “MV,” are fundamental in international telecommunications. When making international phone calls to the Maldives, callers dial the country code, which is “+960,” followed by the local phone number. This country code ensures that the call is routed correctly to the Maldives’ telecommunications network. Additionally, it is used in other forms of communication, such as fax and postal services, to indicate the Maldives as the destination or origin of messages.
  5. Geopolitical and International Representation: The “MV” abbreviation represents the Maldives in international forums, diplomatic relations, and organizations. It is used to identify the Maldives during international conferences, negotiations, treaties, and other diplomatic activities. This code serves as a standardized and universally recognized way to signify the Maldives’ participation in the global community.
  6. Travel and Tourism: The “MV” abbreviation is commonly found in travel-related documents and materials. For instance, it appears on Maldivian passports, where the “MDV” code is part of the machine-readable zone (MRZ), simplifying automated border control processes. Additionally, it is used on luggage tags, flight itineraries, and travel visas, making it easier for travelers and authorities to identify the Maldives as their destination or point of origin.
  7. International Sporting Events: In international sporting events, including the Olympics, each country is assigned a unique three-letter code, with the first two letters often derived from the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code. For the Maldives, the Olympic code is “MDV,” which closely resembles its two-letter abbreviation, “MV.” This code is used to represent Maldivian athletes and teams when they participate in international competitions.
  8. Cultural Identity and National Pride: Beyond its practical applications, the “MV” abbreviation holds cultural significance for the Maldives and its people. It symbolizes the nation’s identity and pride in its stunning natural beauty, unique culture, and maritime heritage. The Maldives is renowned for its crystal-clear waters, coral reefs, and vibrant marine life, making it a globally recognized destination for tourism and conservation efforts.

In conclusion, the two-letter abbreviation “MV” is more than just a code; it is a symbol of the Maldives’ presence on the world stage. It facilitates international trade, communications, and diplomacy while representing the country’s natural wonders, cultural heritage, and vibrant society. As a nation composed of numerous coral atolls and islands scattered across the Indian Ocean, the “MV” code serves as a reminder of the Maldives’ uniqueness and its importance in global conversations about marine conservation and sustainable tourism.

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