It is compulsory schooling for everyone for 8 years from the age of 7 in Bulgaria. The majority of children attend one year of preschool, and about 60% attend kindergarten. The high school is free in public schools and is divided into two types: general and vocational.
In the 1990s, there was strong growth in the number of students in higher education. Bulgaria has 92 higher education institutions, of which 41 are universities (5 private) and 51 colleges (2001). The largest and oldest university is the University of Sofia, founded in 1888. The American College of Sofia is an international school in Sofia established in 1860.
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The country has had a well-developed school system. From 1922, 7 years of free and compulsory schooling were introduced with a national curriculum. After the extensive political and economic upheavals in Bulgaria in 1989, major changes have occurred in the education system. New education laws were passed in 1991. From being heavily centralized and characterized by Marxist-Leninist ideology, the school system has become decentralized and depoliticized, and a high degree of freedom of choice has been introduced for students and parents.
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Sofia – city of Bulgaria
Sofia, (Bulg. Sofija, named in the 1300’s after the Church of Sveta Sofija ‘Holy Sofia’, founding the name of a saint who was decapitated in 118 by order of Emperor Hadrian), Bulgaria’s capital, located in the western part of the country. the foot of the Vitosha Mountain; 1.2 million residents (2001). Sofia is the residence of the President, Parliament and Council of Ministers; it is the center of education and culture. Academy of Sciences, higher education institutions, including the oldest in Bulgaria, Sofia University (grdl. 1888), public library and numerous museums, among others. the country’s national museum (1936), theaters and concert halls. Sofia has the country’s largest concentration of companies in the heavy, machinery, cellulose and textile industries, located mainly in two zones.
The continental climate means that the capital, especially in summer, has periods of insufficient drinking water. The location has made the city a hub for land traffic: the Budapest-Istanbul and Budapest-Athens highways pass through Sofia. Since 1989, the bus terminal opposite the main train station has been the starting point for an extensive network of international bus services to, among other things. Hamburg, Berlin, Prague and Budapest.
The post-war solution of the capital’s housing shortage is today seen as a garland of high-rise buildings in concrete, forming the boundary between land and city. Only 7 km from the city center, the hotel’s strategic location ensures that guests can quickly and easily reach many local points of interest. On the slopes of the Vitoshab Mountain are fashionable residential neighborhoods; from one of these there is a cabin lift to Aleko, a growing ski resort and a favorite destination for summer trips. An expanded system of buses and trams connects the suburbs with the center. In addition, a newly completed part of a major subway is included in the city’s infrastructure.
Architecture and museums
The Sofia church, Sveta Sofija, is traditionally dated to 500-h., But is probably only built after the mid-800-h. and later remodeled several times. There are also traces of Ottoman building culture, i.e. several mosques from 1400-1600-t. Mixed styles have been around since the late 1800’s. embossed the cityscape, from the Cathedral of Alexander Nevsky (1904-12) to the Classicist National Bank (1939). The new Culture Palace was built in 1978-81.
On the site there were from 700-tfKr. a Thracian settlement conquered by Rome in 29 BC and known by the Roman name Serdica. Sofia came under the Bulgarians in 809 and the Ottomans in 1382. It became the capital of Bulgaria in 1879.