There are eight years of compulsory and free schooling in Bolivia from the children are six years. The secondary school is voluntary and lasts up to four years.
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In 2000, 96% of children started primary school, while just over 83% of them completed 4th grade. 68% of the age group continued in high school. In 1996, 25% of the population received higher education.
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There are major differences in the level of education in cities and in the countryside. In rural areas, children rarely complete schooling, partly because their parents need help with farm work as animal husbandry. In addition, the teaching is mostly in Spanish, a language the children may have poor knowledge of. In the cities, schooling is common, and poor results are often due to large classes and lack of special education.
The country has eight state universities and two private.
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Illiteracy was estimated at approx. 15% of adults in 2000. In the spring of 2011, the government decided to build a 300km long highway from Villa Tunari to San Ignacio de Moxos in the eastern part of the country. The main road was budgeted to cost DKK 420 million. US $ and was to be funded by Brazil who were interested in easier access to the Pacific. The main road would go around Santa Cruz, thus financially weakening Morales’ political opponents in the eastern part of the country. But at the same time it would cross the Isiboro Sécure National Park, where 12,000 indigenous people from the Chimane, Yuracaré and Mojeño-Trinitario tribes live. The project therefore quickly sparked protests. The government saw them as an expression of the bourgeoisie in the eastern part of the country mobilizing the indigenous people against the government and therefore called the opponents “American lackeys”. The indigenous people responded by calling Morales “facist.” During the fall, several protest marches were conducted for La Paz, and on September 25 came a violent confrontation in which police officers shot and killed 4 protesters. The incident led to the resignation of Minister of Defense María Chacón Rendón and Minister of the Interior Sacha Llorenti. Morales had to apologize. The Bolivian national organization COB launched a general strike on 28 September in protest against the government’s handling of the conflict. On October 11, Parliament passed a law requiring the government to involve the indigenous peoples in the decision-making process, and on October 21, construction was put on hold.
Following amendments to the constitution, the first election of judges to the country’s courts was carried out in October 2011. Judges were elected to the Supreme Court, local courts and special courts. It was the first time in the history of Latin America that the people could choose their own judges.
In June 2012, the government passed a series of reforms to combat the widespread police corruption. It sparked violent protests from the police, broke into the police stations to burn documents about the police’s own offenses. At the same time, the police demanded salary increases. The protests scared the government, which canceled a large number of reforms and approved wage increases.
In October 2012, Parliament passed a Mother Earth law prohibiting GMO crops from being grown in the country – respecting the country’s biodiversity.
In July 2013, the president’s aircraft was barred from flying through European airspace and held back in Vienna for 14 hours. The reason was that a few weeks earlier Edward Snowden had unveiled the US giant internet spy project against the rest of the world and was now in Russia. The United States believed that Snowden would be brought to Bolivia aboard the president’s plane, so the superpower forced its allies in Italy, France, Spain and Portugal to ban the Bolivian president’s plane from passing through their skies. The plane was forced to land in Vienna, where the Spanish ambassador appeared and demanded access to inspect the aircraft. There was no Snowden on board. In Copenhagen, a CIA spy aircraft was waiting to kidnap Snowden from Vienna to the United States. The President of France subsequently apologized – as the only one – to Bolivia, declaring that “he did not know Bolivia’s president was on board”. The colossal attacks by the European colonial states against Bolovia triggered widespread protests in Latin America. The presidents of Argentina, Ecuador, Suriname, Uruguay and Venezuela demanded an explanation for their actions by the European colonial states.
In December, the government threw the Danish development organization IBIS out of the country. The reason was according to. the president’s spokesperson was the backbone of the decision that IBIS had demanded from its Bolivian partners on a particular political act. In other words, the development organization did not accept the autonomy of its partners. By 2012, the government had, for similar reasons, thrown USAID out of the country.