In Vietnam, it is officially a five-year compulsory
school. The primary school is five years old and starts when
the children are six years old. Then follows four-year high
school and three-year high school.
Almost all children start in primary school. Equal
educational opportunities for all are an important political
goal in the country, and education is being used as a
driving force for economic growth. The population has a high
level of writing and reading skills compared to other
countries in the region. According to UNESCO (2009),
approximately 6.5 percent of the adult population is
illiterate. Check topschoolsintheusa for test centers of ACT, SAT, and GRE as well high schools in the country of Vietnam.
There are over a hundred higher education institutions.
The University of Hanoi was established in 1956 (with
precursors from 1907 and 1918 as the main university of
The CCP continues to face political liberalization and
has been wary of its economic liberalization for fear of a
massive return of emigrants and Western influence in the
country. Still, Prime Minister Vo Van Kiet is urging members
of his government to study languages - especially English.
Vietnam and the United States formally resumed diplomatic
relations in August 1995. At the same time, Bill Clinton
expressed his concern about the fate of the 2,200 North
American soldiers reported missing in action in Southeast
Asia. The rapprochement between Hanoi and Washington was
clear in 1996, but did not immediately lead to a massive
invasion of North American companies. Nevertheless, many
multinational companies expressed their interest in the
Vietnamese market in the hope of continued liberalization of
Vietnam's socio-economic life in 1997 was characterized
by the peasants' ongoing struggle against poverty as a
result of the economic crisis that has hit Vietnam's
neighboring countries in Southeast Asia. The crisis has also
prompted the party to step up its efforts to contain
possible social upheavals.
In September, Tran Duc Luong was elected as new president
and Phan Van Khai as new prime minister. According to
observers, they constitute a continuation of the economic
line of their predecessors, but are at the same time a
"rejuvenation" of the party's leadership. In December, the
CCP Central Committee decided to replace three of its most
important figures: President LÍ Duc Anh, Prime Minister Vo
Van KiÍt and at the same time civilian Le Kha Phieu was
appointed new Secretary-General to replace aging leader Du
In April 1998, since January, the southern provinces had
ravaged the destruction of 7,000 thousand hectares of coffee
plantations, while 40,000 out of a total area of 160,000
were in danger of being destroyed if the rain did not
immediately set in. From its economic opening in the 1980s,
Vietnam has increased its coffee area from 15 to 260,000
acres across the country. The coffee is predominantly
exported to Europe and the United States.
The economic crisis that hit the region in 1998 only
slowed growth in Vietnam, falling from 8.8% in 1997 to 6.1%
in 1998. But to maintain international competitiveness, the
government was forced to devalue its currency twice. Foreign
direct investment fell 70% year-on-year. In September,
Vietnam was admitted as a member of the Asia-Pacific
Economic Forum, APEC.
A typhoon and heavy rains in 1998 as well as floods in
1999 - the worst in decades that cost hundreds of dead -
negatively affected the country's economy. Several
environmental organizations stated that the consequences of
the floods had been greater due to the unrestrained felling
of the forests for commercial purposes. In a speech to
Parliament, Prime Minister Khai noted that the crisis was
also due to low consumption, rising stocks of unsold
products and inefficiency in state-owned enterprises.
The Communist Party demanded the resignation of one of
the Deputy Prime Ministers, Ngo Xuan Loc, and that the
former Director of the National Bank, Cao Sy Kiem, be
punished. Both were charged with corruption and fraud.
The signing of a border demarcation agreement with China
in December 1998 marked as follows. both governments "a new
era" in relations between the two countries. Prior to the
agreement, eight years of negotiations had passed and the
settlement of border disputes at sea between the two
countries will only be resolved later.