The compulsory primary school in Tanzania starts at 7
years and comprises seven grades. Today, in principle, all
children attend primary school, which is a big difference
from the beginning of the 2000s when only about half of the
children went to school. The situation is slightly worse on
Zanzibar, but the improvements are also evident there.
Approximately 25% (2008) of the children are admitted to
secondary school after a national degree, which has two
stages of 4 + 2 year courses. A special degree gives access
to the higher stage, which prepares for universities and
colleges (college). The country has about 20 universities
and a large number of colleges. Check topschoolsintheusa for test centers of ACT, SAT, and GRE as well high schools in the country of Tanzania.
Adult education is more developed in Tanzania than in
most other African countries. It aims at functional reading
and writing skills and skills that will promote health,
survival and professional activities.
The goals one has for the education system are to
eradicate the remaining illiteracy in the near future and to
raise the quality of the primary school, which has a
shortage of classrooms, teachers and materials. The reading
and writing skills of the population over 15 years were
estimated in 73% in 2009 (79% for men and 67% for women). In
2008, 28% of government spending went to the education
Throughout 2011, Tanzania sharply criticized NATO's
invasion of Libya and the UN's unwillingness to stop the
war. Through the African Union (AU), Tanzania, together with
the other African countries, sought to mediate the conflict
and create a negotiated solution. Attempts that were all
rejected by NATO.
At least 2 protesters were killed during an otherwise
peaceful demonstration in Dar in February 2012. A few weeks
before, 16 human rights activists had been arrested by
police. There are generally many police offenses in the
country and the police have widespread impunity.
In April 2012, Kikwete set up a constitutional
commission. It submitted a first draft of a new constitution
in December 2013, after which a constitutional assembly
consisting of the country's parliamentarians and 200
individuals nominated by the president and Zanzibar
president was set up. In April 2014, the parliamentarians of
the three major opposition parties protested that their
proposals for amendments were ignored. The most significant
changes to the current constitution were: the establishment
of an independent electoral commission, the possibility of
legally examining presidential elections, limiting the
number of ministers a president can appoint, demands for
equal gender distribution in parliament and equal rights for
men and women to own land. The constitution was expected to
be sent for a referendum in April 2015.
In May 2013, African top leaders celebrated the 50th
anniversary of the creation of the OAU - the African Union
(AU) predecessor. But beside the tributes, President Kikwete
was extremely honest. As chairman of the AU Security
Council, he stated that if Congo could negotiate with the
rebel group M23, then Uganda should also be able to
negotiate with ADF-Nalu and Rwanda should be able to
negotiate with the FDLR rebels. It was a clear upheaval to
try to solve some of Africa's security problems along the
way, and not just military ones. While Uganda followed the
call for negotiation, Rwanda's president declared that he
felt only contempt for Kikwete's statements. The
relationship between the two neighboring countries was
further cooled in May 2014 when Tanzania's foreign minister
in parliament stated that Rwanda was causing instability in
the Congo. The statement triggered a broad idea from
Rwanda's foreign minister. Tanzania also has a conflict with
neighboring Malawi over the border crossing in Lake Nyasa.
In 2013, the two countries agreed to involve the
International Court of Justice in The Hague if they could
not conclude a settlement. Negotiations in March 2014 on
border demarcation failed.
China's investment in Africa has grown rapidly these
years. Chinese annual investment in Tanzania grew from 700
million. US $ 2011 to $ 2.1 billion US $ in 2013. The
Chinese especially invested in infrastructure projects such
as railways, ports, buildings, road construction, gas
pipelines and wind turbines. The Chinese entered the
building of a new large port in Bagamayo northwest of Dar.
When completed in 2017, it would become Africa's largest and
most modern port. Already in 2012, China was Tanzania's
largest trading partner with an annual trade of 2.5 billion.
US $. China was particularly interested in the country's
large mineral reserves. In October 2012, Ngwena Company
discovered new nickel reserves totaling 290,000 tonnes. The
evasion was expected to start in 2015.
In November 2014, Prime Minister Pinda was implicated in
a corruption scandal involving 120 billion. US $ had been
paid to an energy company and a number of top officials. The
scandal resulted in $ 460 billion US $ in aid from a number
of donor countries was suspended.