It is a 10-year compulsory and free school for anyone
ages 6 to 16. There are different types of high schools,
general vocational and vocational schools, which offer
3-year study programs. There are also a number of private
schools. Higher education is offered at the country's 135
universities and colleges. Check topschoolsintheusa for test centers of ACT, SAT, and GRE as well high schools in the country of Taiwan.
The technocrats began to insist on the need for a more open
political system to compete. At the same time, KMT went
through an internal crisis because the old political leaders
could hardly cling to power any longer.
In this changed political situation, the social movements
swelled. There were groups protesting against pollution and
nuclear energy, farmers demanding higher prices and students
demanding greater academic freedom and respect for human
A significant part of the opposition began to question
both KMT's authoritarian policy and Taipei and Beijing's
joint thesis on "a single China". Deng Xiaoping had
reconciledly termed it as "a nation, two systems," by which
he believed that after Taiwan's incorporation into China,
the island would be able to continue its capitalist social
model in the same way as Hong Kong.
In September 1986, the Progressive Democratic Party
(PDP), the first opposition party, challenged KMT's total
political hegemony. Although founded illegally, it was
allowed to survive.
On July 15, 1987, the state of emergency was removed. The
academic activity increased and strong independence groups
developed within the academic system. They formed parallel
political structures such as the Workers 'Party and the
In December 1989 elections were held. KMT got 53% of the
vote against 38% for the PDP, who at the same time won the
mayor post in the capital Taipei.
While KMT continued to categorically oppose independence,
members of the PDP formed the New Flow that advocated for
autonomy. Other groups demanded self-determination and the
conduct of a referendum on the issue.
In the election to the National Assembly in December
1991, KMT won a new victory over PDP. The latter favored
final separation from China and gained 21% of the vote while
KMT got 71%. Despite the official interruption of diplomatic
relations, the US government, under George Bush, sold 150
F-16 fighter jets to Taiwan. A decision condemned by
From 1994, the demand for independence for Taiwan became
increasingly open and the need to abandon the illusion of
being a government of all Chinese was needed. But
Beijing is categorically opposed to any move that could
bring the island closer to independence, and Taiwan's
approach to the United Nations was therefore unsuccessful
this time too.
In December, the first municipal elections were held with
the participation of several parties. As in the general
elections, voters voted predominantly on KMT and PDP.
Despite protests from environmental activists and militant
nuclear opponents as well as the PDP's opposition, KMT
decided to approve the building of the country's 4th nuclear
In 1995, economic relations with Beijing were
strengthened. Taiwan had so far invested about $ 22 billion
in the People's Republic, thus being the second largest
"foreign" investor - after Hong Kong. Still, the political
climate between the two countries worsened after a private
visit by Taiwanese President Lee Teng to the United States
in June. Despite warnings from the US, in July and August,
China conducted a series of naval drills and missile testing
in the waters 140 km from Taiwan.
Despite voting declines in the previous parliamentary
elections, KMT gained 46% of the vote in December, against
33% for the PDP. During the campaign leading up to the March
1996 presidential election, China conducted new naval
exercises near the shores of Taiwan, prompting the United
States to send warships in defense of Taiwan against the