Officially, it is compulsory and free school for 9 years
for children aged 5 to 14 years in Sri Lanka. Almost all
children attend the 5-year-old elementary school. The
primary school is followed by a 3-year secondary school and
a 5-year secondary school. The language of instruction is
Sinhalese or Tamil, but more and more emphasis is placed on
English teaching. In addition, there are religious schools
and Buddhist temple schools at all levels (pirivenas).
The country has 12 universities. According to UNESCO,
approx. 8% of the adult population illiterate in 2002. Check topschoolsintheusa for test centers of ACT, SAT, and GRE as well high schools in the country of Sri Lanka.
Although the labor movement organized a general strike
against the new economic policy, in the summer of 1980,
44,000 public servants were laid off. In 1981, however, the
country received extensive financial assistance from the
United States aimed at "creating stability in the region".
From the same explanation, North American warships began to
be frequent guests in the port of Colombia. The US had lost
its close ally Iran two years before, and therefore needed
to build new allies in the area.
In October 1982, the country's first presidential
election gave victory to the Jayewards. He received 52.5% of
the vote - partly because of the support from the state
apparatus and partly because of the internal split in the
Freedom Party. In several regions, the elections were
conducted while in exceptional condition.
Plans for the transformation of Sri Lanka into an "export
center" in a manner similar to Hong Kong or Taiwan led to
the creation of a free zone in Latunayabe where foreign
capital flowed in.
Despite its declared alliance freedom, the government
decided in 1982 that the United States Navy could use the
Trincomalee naval station for refueling and repairs. The
station is vital to the east-west traffic of the Indian
From the beginning of 1983, the conflict between
Singaporeans and Tamils worsened. In July/August, it
reached a critical stage with hundreds of killed and
wounded, and 100,000 affected civilians.
More than 40,000 Tamils from Sri Lanka emigrated to the
Indian state of Tamil Nadu. President Jayewarden’s refusal
to negotiate with the Tamil minority caused the Indian
government to withdraw from the role of broker.
In 1984, the Jayewards began to approach Israel, whose
government offered to assist in the repression of the Tamil
minority. With the support of the US Embassy, Israel now
established a diplomatic representation in Colombo.
Following his visit to Tel Aviv in September 1984, Foreign
Minister Douglas Liyanage was forced to resign following
violent protests. In particular, it was the Muslim community
in the country that had taken action.
The ethnic conflict worsened further in 1985, and with it
foreign investment declined. At the same time, tourism -
which was otherwise an important source of income for the
country's economy - was hit hard. The tourists stayed away.
Military operations in the north and east of the country
- where 200,000 hectares of land is used for rice
cultivation - affected the supply and prices of rice,
forcing the government to import 150,000 tonnes of rice from
China to maintain prices.
Through 1986 contacts and mediation efforts continued to
bring peace between Tamils and Singaporeans. Among other
things. a summit was held in Bangalore, India, attended by 7
Southeast Asian nations concerned about the civil war in Sri
The main political opponent of the ruling party - the
Freedom Party - wanted the parliamentary elections
accelerated and the popular attitude towards the ethnic
conflict emerged, but the president rejected the claim. In
an effort to reduce internal opposition, President
Jayewardene gave former Prime Minister Sirimavo Bandaranaike
her political rights she had been deprived of in 1980.
In late July 1987, Presidents Rajiv Gandhi and Junius
Jayewardene signed an agreement in Colombo to give the
Tamils in northern and eastern Sri Lanka extensive
autonomy. The agreement envisaged the merger of the two
provinces under a joint government, and recognition of Tamil
as a national language.