Hot rhythms, spirited people, mysterious temple ruins and dense
rainforests. So much for the associations with South America. In addition, the
continent also has shimmering blue glacier landscapes, dry deserts, lively
metropolises and a multitude of cultural treasures. No wonder: South America
covers an area of almost 18 million square kilometers and fourteen
countries with their very own culture and history. Each country offers
its own flair and invites you to study in South America.
Geography check: South America
In the west of South America, the Andes stretch from north
to south along the entire length of the continent. The huge mountain range lies
on a huge volcanic belt, the so-called "Pacific ring of fire". Accordingly,
there are numerous bubbling geysers and some of the highest volcanoes in
In the thick cloud forests of the Peruvian Andes lie the former Inca capital
Cusco and the world-famous ruins of Machu Picchu. The
Amazon also rises in the Andes. The huge river system of the Amazon basin covers
almost the entire northern half of South America. Amazonia is
the largest rainforest region on earth. It is spread over two
thirds of the continent and extends over nine countries from
- French Guiana, Suriname
The tropical rainforest has a unique biodiversity and is
still largely unexplored. Hundreds of indigenous peoples live
here according to traditional traditions.
The sparsely populated Patagonia is located in southern
Argentina. The climate is cooler in the region. Dry steppes, lakes and glacier
landscapes characterize the picture. The imposing Andean chain
separates Argentina from Chile - the country that is often referred to as the
“end of the world” due to its location on the far western edge of the
continent. Here are the wild landscapes of Patagonia, the driest desert
on earth, but also extensive green wine regions and Pacific beaches.
A guest in the metropolises of South America
The big cities of South America stand in stark contrast to
the rural areas and sparsely populated regions : The lively Chilean capital, Santiago
de Chile, is currently considered one of the most attractive cities in
The largest city on the continent, Brazil, is home to the metropolises of São
Paulo and Rio de Janeiro. There are numerous
attractions here, such as Sugar Loaf Mountain, the world-famous Carnival and the
legendary, colorful nightlife.
Buenos Aires, the capital of Argentina, however, is
European. With numerous colonial buildings, shady squares, street cafes, museums
and theaters, the capital of tango is one of the most important cultural centers
in South America.
South America - education
Although South America consists of many different nations, there are clear
similarities between the educational systems of the individual states,
especially in terms of school structure and education policy.
The development was in the 1800s. primarily inspired by the French
encyclopedic education system, but remained in the mid-1900s. also influenced by
the North American pragmatic system, which emphasizes the development of
personal responsibility, the qualification of the workforce and great social
mobility. The goals of education systems have therefore changed from elite to
mass education with respect for equal access to education.
However, since the 1980s, limited resources have had implications for
teaching materials and school expansion, and there has been a decline in
participation in education. Also, the more informal popular education, inspired
by the Brazilian educator P. Freire, has around 2000 difficult conditions in