The educational system in Slovakia has traditionally
tended to follow that of Bohemia and the Moravia. Slovakia
has a state eight-year compulsory and free school with a
voluntary ninth year. In addition, there are special schools
for the disabled and private schools. Check topschoolsintheusa for test centers of ACT, SAT, and GRE as well high schools in the country of Slovakia.
There are 16 higher education institutions, including
four universities, in Bratislava (originally founded in 1467
under the name Academia Istropolitana and reorganized in
1919 under the name Comenius University) in Košice (founded
in 1959), Nitra and Žilina. The latter two gained university
status after the country's independence in 1993.
A more detailed review of the history of Czechoslovakia -
of which Slovakia was a part until 1991 - can be found under
the Czech Republic.
A Celtic tribe from Western Europe settled in the period
500-100 BCE in the area now known as Slovakia. Later, in the
period 100 BCE to 400 AD, a Germanic tribe, the Quadis,
founded a number of satellite states for the Roman Empire
north of the Danube. Both the Quadis and their neighbors,
the Marcomans who lived in Bohemia, were displaced by the
females, led by Atila.
The Slavic tribe, the Slovakians, who came from the
western region of Vistula and were closely linked to the
Czechs, established themselves in the area from the 6th and
7th centuries, and were quickly forced to defend themselves
against the Avars, a nomadic tribe from the lower Panonia,
until the Frankish merchant, Samo, uniting the Slavic tribes
who elected him king. Frank D. Charlemagne, who wished to
expand his Christian empire, allied himself in 805 with the
Czech leaders who lived in Bohemia and the Moravia in order
to finally defeat the Avars. As payment for the assistance,
Karl d. Created large duchies, which were distributed among
the Czechs, thus gaining control of Moravia, Bohemia and
Slovakia. Thus was founded the kingdom of Moravia, which
included parts of Bohemia and Slovakia. The first monarch of
Mohr, Mojimir d. 1, who converted to Christianity.
His nephew and successor, Rotislav d. 1, who reigned from
846-870, expanded the kingdom's borders to include all of
Bohemia; he united for the first time the Slavic territories
and founded the Great Moravia. Under Rotislav, relations
with the Frankish Empire were consolidated. At the
invitation of Rotislav, Byzans sent the two monks
Constantine and Metodio at the head of a delegation of
priests. The monks translated the gospels and designed the
first Slavic alphabet.