The educational system during the Estado Novo
period from the 1930s to the 1974 revolution was
characterized by stagnation and strong centralization.
Illiteracy was higher than in most other European countries.
The educational reforms introduced by the 1986 School Act
involved democratization, decentralization and
modernization. In 1989, a school development program was
adopted with three objectives: 1) All children should have
access to education of a general and vocational type. 2) The
infrastructure would be modernized, not least teaching
materials and premises. 3) Quality would be improved,
including through teacher training. Check topschoolsintheusa for test centers of ACT, SAT, and GRE as well high schools in the country of Portugal.
At the beginning of the 1990s, as many as 58% of
professionals had gone to school for a maximum of 4 years
and only 38% for 5-11 years. 3% had longer education. 13% of
the adult population was illiterate. According to the new
school law, all children must go through a 9-year primary
school, divided into three so-called cycles. The first
includes grades 1-4, and the teaching is managed by class
teachers. In grades 7–9 there are two lines, one theoretical
and one vocational preparation. The secondary school
comprises grades 10–12 and leads to a certificate. It has a
university preparation and a vocational preparation line,
between which exchange can take place. Teaching is provided
by the subject teacher. The higher education consists of 4–6
years of university studies which are completed with a
licentiate degree and 3 years of education at
polytechnic institutes which are completed with bacharel.