The positive economic development during the 1990s was
not followed by the corresponding improvement in education
and literacy. The school system has major shortcomings at
all levels. Very small changes occurred between 1990 and
2005 despite extensive development assistance from
Australia. This collaboration continues and the goals are
highly concrete, but the improvements are still slow. The
level of education in Papua New Guinea is very low in both
regional and global comparisons. In 2009, 40% of the adult
population could not read or write. Check topschoolsintheusa for test centers of ACT, SAT, and GRE as well high schools in the country of Papua New Guinea.
The fee-based schooling begins at the age of six with a
preschool year, followed by eight years of primary school.
In the first years, the teaching will be given in the local
area and with the support of the local language. In many
neighborhoods, however, schools are lacking in the villages.
In 2009, only 63% of children were enrolled in primary
school and in some remote rural areas and in urban slums,
the proportion was much lower. Only three out of five
children enrolled complete primary school. Lack of educated
teachers, textbooks and other material means that the
teaching in many schools is of low quality. Responsibility
for the school's activities is decentralized, resulting in
major regional differences in the amount of resources
allocated to education.
The elementary school is followed by a four-year
continuing school, which was expanded mainly in the cities.
Only 17% of children of that age are enrolled there, and a
small part of them complete the education. The country has a
large shortage of both theoretically and practically trained
In Papua New Guinea there were five universities in 2010.
The largest are the University of Papua New Guinea in Port
Moresby and Papua New Guinea University of Technology in
Lae. About 40% of both primary and secondary schools and
universities are affiliated with any Christian church.
Knowledge and culture
Schooling in Papua New Guinea is not compulsory and you
have to pay school fees. Around half of the country's
schools are run by various denominations and mission
organizations. 59 per cent of children went to school at
primary school level in 2008. Over 40 per cent of the
country's adult population is illiterate (2010).
There are seven universities in Papua New Guinea. The
largest are the University of Papua New Guinea in Port
Moresby and the University of Technology (Unitech) in Lae.
Two nationwide daily newspapers are published: Post
Courier and The National. In addition, there
are two weekly newspapers (Wantok Niuspepa and
The Independent) and several regional newspapers. The
country has a national TV station and a wide variety of
national, regional and local radio stations.
The cultural life of Papua New Guinea is characterized by
the great ethnic diversity. A number of major festivals are
held annually around the country where people line up in
traditional costumes and perform local dances. There are few
tourists to Papua New Guinea, but such festivals are popular
destinations for those visiting the country.
There is a small environment for popular music in the
country. Popular music influenced by traditional music has
long been popular, including represented by the band Sanguma
and musician George Telek, and the same goes for
reggae-inspired music. In 1991 gave percussionist in
Grateful Dead out a recording of traditional music from
Papua New Guinea called Voices of the Rainforest.