Compulsory education in Norway is compulsory and runs for
ten years. It covers all children aged 6-16.
The Norwegian education system is similar to Swedish. In
Norway there are preschool, elementary school (classes 1-7),
secondary school (classes 8-10), secondary school (classes
11-13) and higher education (2-4 years for basic education).
The first three levels are run by the municipal
authorities. The upper secondary school is run by
administrative units that correspond to Sweden's regions and
county councils. At these levels there are also private
schools. 1.5 percent of pupils in elementary school and
secondary school attend private schools. The corresponding
figure for students in secondary school, which corresponds
roughly to the Swedish high school, is 4 percent. Higher
education is primarily a government task, but there are also
private units that provide higher vocational education.
There are also private schools in secondary vocational
education. Some vocational programs include two years of
theoretical studies and two years of internship. Check topschoolsintheusa for test centers of ACT, SAT, and GRE as well high schools in the country of Norway.
From the eighth grade, students can choose any subject.
The upper secondary level comprises three programs: general
high school (3 years), vocational education (2–4 years) and
sports, art and music schools covering a varying number of
years (2–4 years). The general upper secondary education is
3 years, while the vocational courses are 2 or 3 years. One
of the years in vocational schools is devoted to practice.
There are nine professional lines. In general, general upper
secondary education gives admission to higher education.
There is also another opportunity to enter higher education
and it is that you are 23 years old, have five years of
professional experience (or mixed professional experience
and studies) and have completed high school diploma in the
five most important subjects.
As Norway is not part of the EU, Norway is not bound to
follow the Bologna process but has nevertheless chosen to do
so. Higher education thus encompasses the same levels as in
other European member states: basic education (3 years),
master's degree (2 years) and postgraduate education (3
years). More than 272,000 people study at a university or
university. Just over 40 percent are men and about 60
percent women, which is a comparatively high proportion of
women. More women than men take a master's or doctoral
degree. Male students tend to go on 2-year vocational
There are some 70 public and private higher education
institutions. The country has seven universities. 10 percent
of all students in higher education study at private units,
predominantly in vocational education.
Adult education is primarily intended for older
individuals who have not completed upper secondary or
In July 2015, the National Institution of Human Rights
was established with direct reference to Parliament. It had
been part of the National Center for Human Rights since 2002
at the Faculty of Law in Oslo.
During 2015, Norway received 31,145 asylum seekers. A
triple compared to the previous year. The vast majority of
them were Syrians fleeing the West and Gulf States in Syria.
Human rights organizations criticized sharply when the
government changed the asylum law in November, so that
asylum seekers who entered Norway from Russia were
automatically barred from seeking asylum and thus
While Denmark in 2015 removed the incentives to buy
electric cars rather than petrol-driven cars (with the
result that electric car sales at the end of the year had
fallen to almost 0), the incentives remained strong in
Norway. So strong that Dagens Næringsliv in July
2016 estimated that already 2025 Norway could become the
first country in the world to completely ban petrol and
diesel-powered cars. In June 2017, 42% of all newly
registered cars were electric.
In April 2016, the government made 40 proposals to amend
the refugee legislation. The proposals came from the
country's right-wing xenophobic minister, Siv Jensen, and
aimed to ensure that Norway had "Europe's most restrictive
refugee policy". The proposals included, among other things,
that in the future it would be the arbitrary passport
officer at the border that would determine whether a person
needed international protection - in line with the Refugee
Convention. The proposals contained drastic restrictions on
the right to family reunification - contrary to the European
Convention on Human Rights - and drastic restrictions on the
rights of asylum-seeking minors - contrary to the Convention
on the Rights of the Child. The worst austerity measures
were not adopted when the rest of the package was adopted in
June, but the other restrictions were implemented from
August. Refugees who wanted a permanent state of residence
should in future be able to prove that they had been
financially self-sufficient for 12 months. At the same time,
a "crisis mechanism" was introduced which would allow
arbitrary rejection of asylum seekers at the border if many
suddenly arrived at the same time. There was a serious
setback to the image of Norway as a human state.
In early December, 40 young Afghans were forcibly
returned to Afghanistan, despite saying they were under 18
and not having their age tested. The return was in violation
of both the Refugee Convention and the Children's
Prime Minister Erna Solberg changed his Facabook profile
in September when Facebook removed an iconic image of naked
9-year-old Vietnamese girl Kim Phúc, who ran away from a
North American Naples attack in 1972. The prime minister
posted the image in protest of first author Tom Egeland and
since Aftenposten had the same photo removed from
Facebook. Egeland had originally posted the picture as one
of seven to illustrate photos that had changed the "history
of the war". But Facebook is an honorable media that
probably allows Nazi and IS propaganda, but not nudity.
Among other things. Peter Øvig Knudsen had previously
removed photos of dancing naked women. Following major
international scandal surrounding Facebook's censorshipthe
media giant now crawled to the cross and allowed the image
of the nine-year-old victim of the United States napalm.
There was only one exception to its otherwise censored
censorship policy. (Facebook shared Norwegian PM's post as
'napalm girl' row escalates, Guardian 9/9 2016).
Pr. On January 1, 2017, the Norwegian People's Church and
State were separated. Denmark was then the only Nordic
country with a state church. In 2016, 55.3% of all newborn
children in Norway were baptized and about 60% were baptized
In March 2017, the Government Pension Fund had a value of
DKK 913 billion. US $ corresponding to US $ 182,000 per
Norwegians or 178% of GDP.
Norwegian LO adopted at its congress in May with 193
votes in favor and 117 against voting for an international
economic, cultural and academic boycott of Israel. The
backdrop was Israel's oppression of the Palestinians, the
settlement policy on the occupied West Bank and the Israeli
state's opposition to a peace settlement. (LO will boycott
Israel, VG 12/5 2017). Israel responded again by calling for
a boycott of Norwegian LO. In February 2018, Norwegian LO
made a delegation trip to Israel and Palestine, where
delegates should have visited Israeli and Palestinian
comrades, but one of the delegates, Mohammed Malik, was
retained for 12 hours, twice forced to undress completely,
after which the Israeli authorities put him on a plane out
of the country. Malik was a member of LO's international
committee and the Norwegian Food and Nutrition Workers'
Union. Israel's treatment of the LO member sharpened the
country's rhetoric against Israel's occupation policy.
The September 2017 parliamentary elections saw a decline
for all 3 major parties: the Labor Party went back 6 seats
to 49; the Conservatives went back 3 seats to 49; The
Progress Party went back 2 mandates to 27. The major victor
of the election was the Center Party which went 9 mandates
until 19. Socialist Left Party went 4 mandates up to 11, and
Red entered the Storting with a single mandate. For the
Labor Party, the election was a disaster and the outcome
unexpected. In 2015, the polls showed that the party had
support from over 40% of the electorate, but at the election
it only got 27%. A significant part of the cause was
attributed to party leader Jonas Gahr Støre, who had been
involved in a case of undeclared work and questionable
investments. Despite the President's questionable financial
dispositions, he survived the subsequent Congress in the
Despite the decline, Conservative Erna Solberg again
formed government consisting of the Conservatives, the
Progressive Party and the Liberals. The Christian Democrats
had also participated in the process, but withdrew when it
became clear that Solberg wanted the Progress Party too.
During the election campaign there was a diplomatic
crisis in relation to Sweden, when the Minister of
xenophobia, Siv Jensen traveled to Sweden with a number of
Norwegian journalists to show how wrong the handling of
refugees and integration could go. The Swedish government
protested to the Norwegian that one of its ministers had
traveled to Sweden for the purpose of swine it.