North Korea has built up a well-organized education
system, and literacy is estimated at 98%. Since the 1970s,
the duty-free compulsory school has been 11 years old.
Schooling starts at the age of 5 with a preschool year and
then follows a 4-year primary school and a 6-year secondary
school. The course set is broadly similar to that of other
countries, but the training also includes some weekly
lessons with ideological training. English is a compulsory
second language from the age of 14. Schooling also includes
work in factories and in agriculture. Check topschoolsintheusa for test centers of ACT, SAT, and GRE as well high schools in the country of North Korea.
Higher education is provided at universities, technical
colleges and a variety of vocational colleges. The most
famous universities are Kim Il Sung University and Pyongyang
University of Science and Technology (PUST). PUST is the
first private university in North Korea and is funded by
funds from mainly South Korea but also China and the United
States. It was officially opened in September 2009 and will
have up to 200 higher education students from both Korean
states. The goal is for PUST to contribute to North Korea's
economic development through education in primarily business
economics, information technology, international trade and
But the United States rejected negotiations and cut off
supplies of oil to the country. It prompted North Korea to
restart its experimental response in Yongbyon and expel all
IAEA inspectors. In January 2003, North Korea also announced
that it withdrew from the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.
The country's conclusion from the US war on Iraq was that
when the superpower had nevertheless decided to wage war on
attacks in violation of international law, it was better to
defend itself - even when it required the development of
nuclear weapons. In parallel with a multilateral negotiation
process between the parties involved in Beijing, North Korea
continues its development of medium-range missiles and its
nuclear weapons program. In March 2004, members of the Bush
administration declared that North Korea was the next
country on the list of countries the United States would
wage war on.
In April 2004, over 150 died and 1300 were injured in an
explosion in Ryongchon near the China border. Acc.
authorities blamed on the explosion that electric cables
shorted and triggered an explosion in chemical substances
aboard a speeding train. After the disaster, several
countries - including South Korea, Germany, Australia and
Japan - sent disaster relief. Even the United States pledged
to send through US $ 100,000 through the Red Cross. Despite
the limited size of the amount, analysts perceived it as a
positive signal from Washington over the governance of
In May, 5 young people from North Korea arrived in Tokyo.
They were children of Japanese who had been abducted by
North Korean agents 25 years earlier. Up to two years
before, young people had not known anything about their
origins, but had grown up like other young people in North
Korea. Their parents had preferred not to explain to them
about their background, for fear of what might happen to
them, for Japan is still considered by North Korea as a
historical enemy. When then-Japanese Prime Minister
Junichiro Koizumi visited Pyongyang in September 2002 to
meet with Kim Jong-il, the North Korean head of state had
admitted that many years ago, the country's agents had
abducted 13 Japanese for the purpose of teaching North
Korean agents Japanese, Japanese culture and traditions..
Among the 13, there were still 5 survivors and they were now
released. Japan supplied North Korea with 250. 000 tonnes of
rice and for 10 million. US $ medical device, which was
perceived as "ransom" for the released kidnapped Japanese.
In September 2004, North Korea announced that it would
not participate in further negotiations on the country's
nuclear program until the nuclear experiments carried out by
South Korea a few years before had been thoroughly
investigated. The next round of talks between Russia, North
Korea, South Korea, the United States, China and Japan was
otherwise scheduled to begin at the end of the same month.
Until then, meetings were held in August 2003, February and
June 2004 with no result other than the meetings to
continue. Acc. According to various analysts, the meetings
are the best instrument for dealing with the crisis
surrounding the North Korean nuclear program.