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School and education in Nicaragua

In principle, primary and secondary schools have been free since the Sandinist revolution in 1979, but since the 1990s the number of private schools has increased and the resources of public schools have been reduced. The education system has undergone major changes in parallel with the changing ideological attitude of the political authorities.

According to UNESCO calculations in 2001, illiteracy among the adult population was approx. 23%. More recent statistics suggest that illiteracy among children has increased in the 2000s.

Study in Nicaragua

The 6-year primary school (primaria) is compulsory and starts when the children are 6 years old. The secondary school (secundaria) is 5 or 6 years old. In 2001, 82% of primary school children began; however, the dropout rate is relatively large in the poor part of the population. 37% continued in high school. The Sandinist government from 2006 also emphasizes preschool/kindergarten (preescolar) as part of the education system. Check topschoolsintheusa for test centers of ACT, SAT, and GRE as well high schools in the country of Nicaragua.

Higher education takes place at Escuela Normal, which includes, among other things, teacher education, at various private institutions, and at universities. The country has four public and four private universities. The most important are the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Nicaragua (UNAN) in Managua - created in 1812 - and in León - created in 1680; moreover, a branch of the Jesuit Universidad Centroamericana (UCN). None of Nicaragua's universities today (2009) have doctoral studies, and research is very limited. Many Nicaraguan professionals are educated in the United States, Europe, and other Central American countries.

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