Like the United States and Australia, New Zealand as an
immigration country has regarded education as a royal path
to success. Free schooling for everyone according to talent
and regardless of social background has been a leading
principle in school policy and a foundation for welfare
policy since the 1930s. The country also has a tradition of
popular education similar to the Scandinavian. From the
mid-1980s, the system has become increasingly decentralized
and to some extent adapted to a free market.
Schooling is compulsory from the age of 6, but many start
at school already at the age of 5. School duty ends at 16
years. A large proportion continue for another 3 years in
secondary school, which prepares for universities and higher
technical and other vocational institutions. Access to most
university programs is free after completing secondary
school. Vocational training polytechnics a pretty
big meaning. More than 80% went to higher education in 2009.
Schools and universities often collaborate with adult
education bodies. Since the 1980s, they have greater freedom
than before in terms of curricula and the use of financial
resources. Check topschoolsintheusa for test centers of ACT, SAT, and GRE as well high schools in the country of New Zealand.
In 1989, a progressive reform of the country's education
system was started with increased decentralization and the
individual schools today have great responsibility for the
content of the education and the distribution of funds. More
attention is now being paid to the needs of the Maoris, e.g.
through teaching in their language and about their culture.
The private school sector is allocated grants after
negotiation with the Ministry of Education, which in 1989
replaced the central school authority.
New Zealand's first feature film, "Hinemoa", was made in
1914 by George Tarr (1881-1968) after a Moorish legend.
However, the father of the New Zealand film is Rudall
Hayward (1900–74), who in addition to a series of short and
documentary films produced six feature films 1922–28; He
made his last film as late as 1972. The first sound movie,
"Down on the Farm", came in 1935, but in the future,
tourist-oriented short films were prioritized and from 1941
- with the advent of the National Film Unit - journal and
propaganda films. From 1940-70, only three feature films
were made, all by John O'Shea (1920-2001) at his company
It was not until the 1970s that signs of a New Zealand
film industry appeared. In 1977 Tony Williams (born 1942)
produced "Solo" and Roger Donaldson's (born 1945) "Sleeping
Dogs", and in 1978 was founded after the Australian pattern
New Zealand Film Commission with the mission to financially
support domestic film production. As a result, the New
Zealand film established itself internationally in the 1980s
with the successes of Donaldson's "Smash Palace" (1981) and
Geoff Murphys (born 1946) "With the muzzle in the mirror"
(1980), followed by the festival winners "Utu" (1983) and
"The Silent Earth" (1985). Other notable directors were John
Laing (born 1948) with "The Lost Tribe" (1984), Sam
Pillsbury (born 1946)) with "The Scarecrow" (1982) and
Vincent Ward (born 1956) with "The Navigator" (1988). Most
of them have continued their careers in Australia and the
During the 1990s, the Australian-educated Jane Campion
established itself as a leading name. The long-film debut
"Sweetie" (1989), "An Angel at My Table" (1990) and "Piano"
(1993) all went on export all over the world and the latter
received several Oscars. In 1987, the first feature film was
written and directed by Maori: "Ngati", written by Tama
Poata (1936–2005) and directed by Barry Barclay (1944–2008).
Even more famous was Lee Tamahori (born 1950) with "The
Warrior's Soul" (1994).
Director Peter Jackson has become famous for comic
splatter films, such as "Bad Taste" (1987) and "Braindead"
(1993), but also for the dark lesbian drama "Black Angels"
(1994) and the filming of JRR Tolkien's "The Lord of the
Rings" (2001 -03). A key to Jackson's success with "The Lord
of the Rings" and "King Kong" (2005) was the power company
Weta, founded in 1987. Weta and Jackson's recording studio
in Wellington has also been used by other major productions,
such as James Cameron's "Avatar" (2009) and Steven
Spielberg's " Tintin's Adventures: The Unicorn's Secret
Sam Neill, the country's internationally best-known
actor, was responsible for an insightful documentary on the
New Zealand film, "Cinema of Unease" in 1995.
New Zealand produces 4 to 6 feature films annually.
The Maoris dance takes place in groups and for singing at
ceremonial occasions. Among the dance forms are the women's
dance poi, the "welcome dance "
powhiri and chin, which are mainly danced by
men during stomping and blows to the body.
During the 1950s, a classical ballet tradition developed
in New Zealand, which in 1961 led to the formation of the
state-supported New Zealand Ballet Company (since 1984 Royal
New Zealand Ballet). The National School of Ballet opened in
Wellington in 1967.