At independence, between 85 and 95% of the population was
estimated to be illiterate. In the early 1980s, therefore,
major investments were made in adult education with
assistance from, among other things, Swedish PAGE. In 2009,
the reading and writing skills of the adult population (over
15 years) were estimated to be 55% (70% for men and 42% for
women). Check topschoolsintheusa for test centers of ACT, SAT, and GRE as well high schools in the country of Mozambique.
The primary school is compulsory and covers seven years.
It is followed by a voluntary secondary school, which
comprises two cycles of three and two or three years
respectively. In 1972, approximately 30% of the children of
the current ages for primary and secondary school were
estimated to be enrolled in school. This figure increased to
52% in 1979, but decreased due to the precarious situation
in the country to only 32% in 1993. In 2009, nine out of ten
children in the current grades were enrolled in primary
school. Access to education is worse in the north of the
country than in the south. In Mozambique there are three
state and one private university. Of the state expenditure
for 2006, 5% was allocated to the education sector.