At independence, between 85 and 95% of the population was
estimated to be illiterate. In the early 1980s, therefore,
major investments were made in adult education with
assistance from, among other things, Swedish PAGE. In 2009,
the reading and writing skills of the adult population (over
15 years) were estimated to be 55% (70% for men and 42% for
women). Check topschoolsintheusa for test centers of ACT, SAT, and GRE as well high schools in the country of Mozambique.
The primary school is compulsory and covers seven years.
It is followed by a voluntary secondary school, which
comprises two cycles of three and two or three years
respectively. In 1972, approximately 30% of the children of
the current ages for primary and secondary school were
estimated to be enrolled in school. This figure increased to
52% in 1979, but decreased due to the precarious situation
in the country to only 32% in 1993. In 2009, nine out of ten
children in the current grades were enrolled in primary
school. Access to education is worse in the north of the
country than in the south. In Mozambique there are three
state and one private university. Of the state expenditure
for 2006, 5% was allocated to the education sector.
Maputo, capital of Mozambique; approximately 1.77 million residents (2007). The city is
located in the southernmost part of the country by a bay out to the Indian
Ocean; The port is one of the most important on the coast of East Africa. Until
1976, the city was named Lourenço Marques, after the Portuguese explorer
exploring the area in 1544.
Maputo grew up around a Portuguese fort from the late 1700's. The port is the
closest to the shipping of the Johannesburg area's mining and industrial
products, and it became in the late 1800's. greatly expanded in line with the
expansion of the South African mines. After the end of the civil war in 1992,
the city's port became increasingly important as a shipping port. A large
aluminum smelting plant, Mozal, has been constructed for the processing of South
African ore. The plant is based on local natural gas.
Prior to Mozambique's independence in 1975, the beaches near the city had
made it a popular holiday destination for white minorities in South Africa and
Rhodesia. But the chaotic transition to independence and the establishment of a
Marxist state, which supported the liberation movements in the two countries,
set a sharp mark on the tourist influx that had previously been a significant
revenue source for the city.
During the Portuguese, the city was the center of a growing industry, but
most of it collapsed when the majority of the 250,000 whites in 1975 left the
country. Later, South African soldiers sabotaged both the port, the roads, the
railways and the electricity supply. During the 20-year civil war in the
country, Maputo did not experience direct fighting, but suffered from the bad
conditions. Now the local industry includes cement production, fish processing,
brewery as well as furniture and textile manufacturing. The city has undergone
strong development since the peace settlement in 1992, and it is attracting some
foreign investment. However, there is still a deficient infrastructure.
denotes a number of joint Mozambican-South African initiatives to create new
economic life along the road and rail link to South Africa. They include the
renovation of Maputo's port and investments in agriculture, industry and roads.