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School and education in Libya

In Libya, the education follows a 9-3 system, where the primary school lasts for 9 years and the secondary school for 3 years. According to UNESCO, 10.5% of the population over 15 years were illiterate in 2011 (4% of men; 17% of women).

Basic education

In Libya, there is no formal distinction between children and secondary school. In principle, the nine-year elementary school is free and compulsory.

Higher education

Higher education is offered at a number of vocational schools, colleges and universities. The first Libyan university was established in Benghazi in 1955. In 2010/2011, more than 340,000 students were registered in the country.

Study in Libya

2002 Libya assumes responsibility for Lockerbie and UN raises its sanctions

In early 2001, a Scottish court acquitted Libyan Al Amin Khalifa Fhimah of taking part in the assault on the Pan Am plane, which was blown into the air over Lockerbie in 1988. The other accused, Abdelbaset al-Megrahi, was sentenced to life imprisonment. In January 2002, Tripoli tried to appeal the verdict, but this was rejected, prompting Khaddafi to accuse him of being under pressure from Washington and London and not having sufficient evidence. In August, however, Libya announced the UN Security Council that the state assumed responsibility for the Lockerbie disaster, giving Libya $ 2.7 billion. US $ for distribution among the families of the dead - equivalent to DKK 1 million. US $ per killed on board. This caused French dissatisfaction, as compensation for France in a similar case the year before had been significantly lower. In September, the UN Security Council raised 13 votes for its sanctions against the country. France and the United States abstained, and the United States continued its own sanctions.

Despite opposition from the United States, in January 2003, Libya took over the chairmanship of the UN Commission on Human Rights. In December, the government announced that it was abandoning all weapons of mass destruction development programs.

In March 2004, Britain's Tony Blair traveled to Tripoli to meet Khaddafi. He thus became the first British Prime Minister in 60 years to visit Libya. In April, the United States raised its sanctions against the country. The North American oil industry played an important role in this. Washington declared that North American companies could once again do business in Libya after the country abandoned its weapons of mass destruction program. The United States also lifted its opposition to the accession of Libya to the WTO. The superpower had imposed trade and economic sanctions on Libya in 1986 after putting it on a list of countries supporting terrorism. In June, the two countries resumed diplomatic relations. The message was given by US Deputy Foreign Minister William Burns during his trip to Tripoli, where he met with Khaddafi and the Libyan government. The United States had closed its embassy in the country in 1980 following attacks in Lebanon against two French missions.

In August, Libya agreed to pay $ 35 million. US $ in compensation to the victims of the bomb attack against a nightclub in Berlin in 1986. Germany received with benevolence the compensation to the German and Turkish victims of the attack, which cost 3 lives and 200 wounded. In January, Tripoli had also entered into an agreement to compensate the families of those killed following the bomb attack on a French Saharan passenger plane in 1989.

In the first 40-year tender for oil and gas exploration, completed in January 2005, the biggest winners were North American companies. At the second invitation to tender in October, it was Asian and European companies that ran most contracts.

In December, the Supreme Court upheld the death sentence against the accused doctors who were made responsible for the infection of Libyan children.

Denmark's anti-Muslim campaign that began with Jutland Post drawings in the fall of 2005 led to violent demonstrations in Libya in February 2006 that killed at least 10 people.


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