In Libya, the education follows a 9-3 system, where the
primary school lasts for 9 years and the secondary school
for 3 years. According to UNESCO, 10.5% of the population
over 15 years were illiterate in 2011 (4% of men; 17% of
In Libya, there is no formal distinction between children
and secondary school. In principle, the nine-year elementary
school is free and compulsory.
Higher education is offered at a number of vocational
schools, colleges and universities. The first Libyan
university was established in Benghazi in 1955. In
2010/2011, more than 340,000 students were registered in the
2002 Libya assumes responsibility for Lockerbie and UN
raises its sanctions
In early 2001, a Scottish court acquitted Libyan Al Amin
Khalifa Fhimah of taking part in the assault on the Pan Am
plane, which was blown into the air over Lockerbie in 1988.
The other accused, Abdelbaset al-Megrahi, was sentenced to
life imprisonment. In January 2002, Tripoli tried to appeal
the verdict, but this was rejected, prompting Khaddafi to
accuse him of being under pressure from Washington and
London and not having sufficient evidence. In August,
however, Libya announced the UN Security Council that the
state assumed responsibility for the Lockerbie disaster,
giving Libya $ 2.7 billion. US $ for distribution among the
families of the dead - equivalent to DKK 1 million. US $ per
killed on board. This caused French dissatisfaction, as
compensation for France in a similar case the year before
had been significantly lower. In September, the UN Security
Council raised 13 votes for its sanctions against the
country. France and the United States abstained, and the
United States continued its own sanctions.
Despite opposition from the United States, in January
2003, Libya took over the chairmanship of the UN Commission
on Human Rights. In December, the government announced that
it was abandoning all weapons of mass destruction
In March 2004, Britain's Tony Blair traveled to Tripoli
to meet Khaddafi. He thus became the first British Prime
Minister in 60 years to visit Libya. In April, the United
States raised its sanctions against the country. The North
American oil industry played an important role in this.
Washington declared that North American companies could once
again do business in Libya after the country abandoned its
weapons of mass destruction program. The United States also
lifted its opposition to the accession of Libya to the WTO.
The superpower had imposed trade and economic sanctions on
Libya in 1986 after putting it on a list of countries
supporting terrorism. In June, the two countries resumed
diplomatic relations. The message was given by US Deputy
Foreign Minister William Burns during his trip to Tripoli,
where he met with Khaddafi and the Libyan government. The
United States had closed its embassy in the country in 1980
following attacks in Lebanon against two French missions.
In August, Libya agreed to pay $ 35 million. US $ in
compensation to the victims of the bomb attack against a
nightclub in Berlin in 1986. Germany received with
benevolence the compensation to the German and Turkish
victims of the attack, which cost 3 lives and 200 wounded.
In January, Tripoli had also entered into an agreement to
compensate the families of those killed following the bomb
attack on a French Saharan passenger plane in 1989.
In the first 40-year tender for oil and gas exploration,
completed in January 2005, the biggest winners were North
American companies. At the second invitation to tender in
October, it was Asian and European companies that ran most
In December, the Supreme Court upheld the death sentence
against the accused doctors who were made responsible for
the infection of Libyan children.
Denmark's anti-Muslim campaign that began with
Jutland Post drawings in the fall of 2005 led to
violent demonstrations in Libya in February 2006 that killed
at least 10 people.