The education system has to a large extent the French
model. The public schools are free of charge, but not the
teaching materials. There are also many Koran schools and
private Catholic schools. About 66% of boys and about 49% of
girls start the six-year compulsory compulsory school, and
about 43% complete it. Many quit prematurely because they
are needed as labor in agriculture or at home. The classes
are often large and there is a shortage of teachers. In
schools above the primary level, many of the teachers are
French. In 2006, there was a teacher of 46 students.
The number of literate and literary experts has increased
significantly during independence. In the first place, this
applies to the younger ones. About 49% of the adult
population (61% of men and 39% of women) are literate. In
2006, 21.5% of the state budget was allocated to the
There are three universities, two in Abidjan and one in
Bouaké. Furthermore, there are several colleges with
primarily technical focus. Many students from Ivory Coast
receive their education in France. In 2006, 4.6% of GDP was
used for education.
The regime's persecution of the opposition continued
through 2015. Alone in September-October, more than 50 were
arrested for political reasons - most members of the
opposition. Most were detained on charges of disrupting
public policy or participating in illegal peaceful
demonstrations. Although some of those arrested were later
released, 20 were still arrested at the end of the year.
Many were abused and kept in total isolation for several
weeks. During the year, the regime banned at least 10
demonstrations the opposition or NGOs wished to conduct.
In January 2016, the ICC opened the lawsuit against
former President Gbagbo. This one denied all charges. In
May, there was a conflict between the authorities and the
ICC, which in 2015 had asked to extradite Gbragbo's wife
Simone Gbagbo for prosecution. It was rejected and she was
instead put to court in Abidjan.
In March, the conflict in the Sahel region spread to the
Ivory Coast as the AQIM organization al-Mourabitoune, which
until then had been active in northern Mali, attacked 3
hotels off the coast of Grand Bassam and killed 19. More
than 80 people were subsequently arrested.
In April, the UN Security Council extended the UNOCI
peacekeeping mission to the World Organization until June
30, 2017. At the same time, the arms embargo and individual
sanctions that had been in force since 2004 were lifted.
In an effort to protect the country's dwindling forest
resources, authorities in July forced 15,000 cocoa farmers
from Mont Péko National Park. Many families then did not
have access to food, sanitation, or just the roof.