The school in Italy is compulsory from the age of six to
the age of 16. The compulsory schooling includes the entire
first part of the education course (which lasts for eight
years) and the first two years of the second part of the
education course. The public school offer is free.
Organization of education
Preschools and kindergartens
Around 19% of children under two years attend
kindergarten (asilo nido). Preschool (la scuola
dell'infanzia) is an offer that usually applies to
children between three and six years. There are state and
private preschools, and the offer is not free. A large
majority of Italian children attend preschool.
The first cycle of the Italian education system consists
of the elementary school (la scuola primaria) and
the secondary school (la scuola secondaria di primo
grado). The pupils start when they are six years old
and finish primary school when they are eleven. The
secondary school is three years old and ends when the pupils
are 14 years old.
Students learn English from their first year of primary
school Secondary school is compulsory for a foreign language
in addition to English, usually French, Spanish or German.
Christian education is initially compulsory in the Italian
school, but it is possible to get exemption from this
subject and to receive alternative education instead.
Pupils are not automatically moved up to the next grade
level in elementary school, but in practice it is very rare
for students to retire.
Teacher density is high in the Italian elementary school.
In primary school there are an average of ten pupils per
year. class, while the average in the OECD countries is 16.
The elementary school must have a minimum of 200 school
days a year. The summer holidays are long and last from June
to September. The school day in elementary school usually
lasts from 8 to 16 Monday to Friday. In many places it is
also school Saturdays. In essence, the students have 30
hours of teaching per week. week, and Italy is among the
countries in the industrialized world that have the most
teaching hours for pupils in primary school.
High school (la scuola secondaria di secondo grado)
is five years old and goods from pupils are 14 to 19 years.
Only the first two years are compulsory. Around 50% of
students choose study preparation education programs (liceo),
and here are six different directions to choose from.
Technical high school (istituto tecnico) is chosen
by approx. 30% of the students, while 20% choose vocational
education program (istituto professional).
Around 10% of primary and secondary school pupils attend
private schools, a majority of these schools being religious
and run by the Catholic Church.
Secondary schools and upper secondary schools usually
only have morning instruction, and the school day ends at.
13. The students then go to school on Saturdays. The schools
largely decide for themselves how the school day should be
organized, and some schools have recently replaced Saturday
teaching with afternoon teaching.
There are around 60 state universities and colleges in
Italy, as well as several private ones. In order to gain
study skills, you must have completed high school. The
university education is divided into three levels: The first
level is laurea (bachelor), which is obtained after
three years of study. After a further two years of study,
one can obtain a laurea magistrale (master) and
finally one can take a three-year research degree (dottorato
di ricerca). Some studies are structured as five- or
six-year studies, such as architecture, law, dentistry and
The largest university in Italy is La Sapienza in Rome,
with around 150,000 students, which is also considered the
largest university in Europe.
At the gathering of Italy in 1870, the proportion of
illiterate people in the country was high, especially in
southern Italy. Despite the introduction of compulsory
schooling for all children in the post-collection period,
illiteracy remained a problem in Italian society until the
late 1900s. Although the school was compulsory for all, it
was primarily children who lived in urban areas who received
an adequate education, while it took a long time for
children in the country to receive the same offer.
Under fascism, major reforms were made in educational
policy, led by renowned philosopher Giovanni Gentile, who
was appointed Minister of Education in 1922. Education was
mandatory for all children aged 14 and special schools for
pupils with special needs were established. example for the
blind and deaf. The number of illiterates was significantly
reduced during this period, from about 35% in 1920 to about
13% at the end of World War II. Illiteracy nevertheless
remained relatively high even in the postwar period,
compared with other industrialized countries. Check topschoolsintheusa for test centers of ACT, SAT, and GRE as well high schools in the country of Italy.
Ten-year compulsory schooling for anyone between the ages
of 6 and 16 was introduced in 2007.
The institutions of higher education have a long and rich
history in Italy. The University of Bologna is considered
the oldest university in the world, founded in 1088. During
the 1100s and 1200s, a number of universities were founded
in cities in the Italian peninsula, including Parma, Modena,
Padova, Rome, Naples and Siena..
Ever since the unification of Italy, there has been a
significant difference between the North and the South in
terms of results in the education sector. Exam results and
results from international surveys reveal major regional
differences. The 2013 PISA study showed that Italy was just
below the OECD average in math, but many regions in Northern
Italy (Trentino-Alto Adige, Veneto, Lombardy and
Friuli-Venezia-Giulia) were on par with the countries of
Europe that achieved the best results in the survey. Most
regions in southern Italy, on the other hand, were far below
the OECD average.
Rome - city in Italy
Rome, Italian Roma, the capital of Italy, first name The Eternal City, the
capital of the province of the same name and of the Lazio region; 2.87 million
housing (2016; 4.35 million in metropolitan area); Add to this an unknown number
of illegal immigrants. Rome is Italy's most populous city and lies along both
banks of the Tiber, partly in plains and partly on hills, of which Monte Mario
with its 139 m is the highest. Completely surrounded by Rome lies the Vatican
When Rome was incorporated into Italy in 1870, the city had 226,000
residents; population growth is due to extensive immigration, especially from
the regions of Lazio, Marche and Abruzzo as well as from southern Italy and
since the 1970's also from Eastern Europe and especially North Africa.
Throughout the 1990's, however, the population has remained stable because
many Romans have moved to the surrounding municipalities.