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Israel Education


Study in Israel EducationIsrael's special situation - Jewish settlement in an Arabic-speaking area and extensive (Jewish) immigration of people with diverse cultural backgrounds - places great demands on the education system. Child education and adult education are well developed. Immigrants have so-called ulpanim, fast courses in Hebrew. In 2005, 19,000 adults participated in such language studies and nearly 180,000 were enrolled in some form of adult education. Almost all of the literate Jewish population is literate, with the exception of some newly arrived migrants from countries with lower literacy and some older people in remote parts of the country, e.g. Negev desert. Also, the Arab part of the population has high literacy, and in the West Bank and Gaza, only 5% (2009) of the adult population is estimated to be illiterate, slightly more women than men.

Study in Israel

Since 1969 there has been compulsory schooling for children from 5 to 16 years of age. The education is free until the age of 18. The Jewish and Arab school systems are basically separate, and the Arab schools comprise about 20% of the total student population. The Arab schools have a lower standard than their Jewish counterparts, with larger student groups, poorer premises, poorer educational material, etc. The school system also includes state and state-supported religious schools, whose profile may cover a maximum of 25% of the timetable. About one-third of Jewish students attend religious schools, a minority of whom attend ultra-Orthodox Torah schools whose content is not regulated by state regulations. Check topschoolsintheusa for test centers of ACT, SAT, and GRE as well high schools in the country of Israel.

The goal of the school system is to equalize social and educational differences between students of different origins. Nevertheless, the proportion of children in higher education is greater among Ashkenazi than among Sephardi. The Palestinians, especially the Christians, are usually considered to be the most well-educated Arab population, largely an effect of UNRWA's educational activities. In Jewish schools, Hebrew is the language of instruction with Arabic as an optional language. At the upper secondary level, Jewish students have the opportunity to choose an academic, technical, agricultural, military or religious program. After high school, the students graduate, backstage, and an approved result is a requirement for access to higher education. Teaching in the Arab areas is led by a special department of the Ministry of Education following the Jordanian and Egyptian designs. In Arabic schools are taught in Arabic, but Hebrew is compulsory from the fourth grade.

The proportion of college students is very large, about 2/3 of the age class. Israel has eight universities and a technical college, which is largely funded from abroad. In addition, there are a number of other institutions of specialized higher education. In occupied areas there are dozens of universities and other higher education institutions, which are funded by various Arab countries and organizations.

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