A lot of education has been invested since Indonesia
became independent. In 1987, 6-year primary school from the
age of 7 was made compulsory. This was extended to 9 years
in 1993. The dropout rate is large. It is estimated that
approx. 21% of children drop out of the school system in
primary school. The primary school is 6 years old, followed
by a 3-year secondary school. There are separate Muslim
children's and youth schools. The high school lasts for 3
years. About. 47% of the relevant age group continues in
high school, approx. 15% take higher education. The Bahasa
Indonesia national language is the official language of
instruction. However, the first years of primary school are
taught in local languages. There are 51 state universities
and over 1000 private universities and colleges. Check topschoolsintheusa for test centers of ACT, SAT, and GRE as well high schools in the country of Indonesia.
According to UNESCO's estimates, over 11% of the
population is illiterate (2000), among women approx. 15%.
The month after, the dayak people in Kalimantan took
control of parts of the province. The worst outbreak of
violence in the area since 1997.
In May, 365 members of parliament voted to put Wahid in
court. 4 voted against. Wahid was charged with corruption
and incompetence. Prior to the vote, he had written to
parliament, declaring that he refused to withdraw. At the
same time, he declared the country in a state of emergency,
but this call was not followed by the police or the
military. The Supreme Court subsequently declared the call
for unconstitutional, and in July, Parliament removed Wahid
by 591 votes to 0. Vice President Megawati Sukarnoputri
assumed the post. She is the daughter of Sukarno.
During a speech in August on the occasion of the 56th
anniversary of independence, the president apologized to the
provinces of Aceh and West Papua (Irian Jaya) for the human
rights violations they had faced during the previous
governments, but she also stated that they would never be
allowed to tear loose as East Timor 2 years earlier.
Megawati called on the two rebellious provinces to accept
the government's offer of autonomy, which according to. the
president will give them greater decision-making power in
home affairs. Jakarta has for decades exchanged the two
provinces - oil and gas in Aceh and minerals in Irian Jaya.
In January 2002, a new human rights court in Jakarta was
inaugurated. its creators were better than the International
Court of Justice in The Hague. The government showed its
willingness to bring the military people to justice in East
Timor in 1999. Three generals, including the military
commander during the massacres, Adam Damiri, were brought to
court. The month after, Indonesia and East Timor signed two
agreements aimed at improving the relationship between the
two countries before East Timor in May had full
In March, former President's son Tommy Suharto was
convicted of killing a Supreme Court judge who had sentenced
him to prison for corruption. Acc. analysts said the verdict
was a crucial test for the judiciary, still perceived as
sensitive to corruption.
In October, more than 180 people - including 3 Danes -
died in a terror attack against a nightclub on the Bali
island. On the same day, another bomb exploded near the
United States Consulate in Sanur without requiring victims.
Both attacks were initially attributed to the Islamic terror
network al-Qaeda. The government gave per. decree police
extended powers to pursue suspected terrorists. That same
month, the spiritual leader of Jemaah Islamiya (JI), Abu
Bakar Ba'asyir, was arrested for ordering church attacks and
for planning the assassination of President Sukarnoputri.
The arrest led to clashes between his supporters and police.
In December 2002, the government and Aceh's Liberation
Front (GAM) signed a peace treaty in Geneva to end 26 years
of violence. In May 2003, however, the negotiations broke
down again, and the government launched a comprehensive
military offensive in the province, declared in military
state of emergency.