There is, in principle, a nine-year free basic education,
which is divided into three three-year stages. During the
first two stages, about 90% of children go to school, while
less than half do so during the third stage. School
conditions are significantly worse in rural areas than in
cities. The illiteracy of those 15 years and older is
estimated at 26% (1992). A private school system operated by
the Catholic Church exists alongside the state, especially
at the university level; some thirty colleges are private.
In San Salvador there is a state university, founded in
1841. Check topschoolsintheusa for test centers of ACT, SAT, and GRE as well high schools in the country of El Salvador.
On November 16, a new phase of negotiations began, this time
at the UN headquarters. On this occasion, the FMLN
unilaterally decreed a ceasefire that would apply until a
new agreement on a final ceasefire had been signed. Along
with this, a parliamentary delegation from Spain visiting El
Salvador prepared a report on the killings of the 6 Spanish
Jesuit priests from the University of San Salvador. In this
report, which was handed over to the Spanish Parliament, the
European Parliament, the Salvadoran Parliament and the
United States, El Salvador's government and army were
accused of concealing evidence that could lead to the
resolution of the crimes.
After 21 weeks of negotiations - and 12 years of civil
war in which 75,000 had died, 8,000 had disappeared and more
than 1 million Salvadorans fled - on January 1, 1992, both
sides signed the New York agreement that ended the civil war
in El Salvador, defining the period for the complete
cessation of the war to last from 1 February to 3 October
1992; during that period a space was created to enable the
peace treaty to be fulfilled and negotiations continued with
the assistance of the United Nations and the Organization of
American Nations (OAS).
In the Chapultepec district of the Mexican capital, the
final agreement was signed on January 16, 1992. It proposed
significant constitutional changes and a restructuring of
the structure, organization and training of the army; it was
proposed to reform the real estate situation in the
agricultural sector and to enable the employees to
participate in the privatization of state-owned enterprises.
In addition, initiatives were taken to establish an
organization to guarantee respect for human rights and at
the same time ensure that the status of the legal political
organization was respected by the FMLN.
Acc. the agreement meant that the government would reduce
the number of soldiers by 50%, thus reducing 30,000 active
soldiers in 1994, while the intelligence service would have
to be completely shut down. From March 3, a new civilian
police force was set up to incorporate FMLN guerrilla
soldiers. The National Reconciliation Act generally issued
amnesty to all political prisoners in January 1992.
The government also agreed to distribute land to the
former soldiers of both the warring parties and provide
assistance to the peasants. After being transformed into a
political party on April 30, 1991, in its first political
message, on February 1, 1992, the FMLN called on all
opposition parties to form a coalition prior to the 1994
elections. After living for years under the ground was the
first public political meeting of the FMLN led by former
commanders Shafick Handal, Joaquin Villalobos, Fernán
Cienfuegos, Fansisco Jovel and Leonel González.
In early March 1992, the extent of the problems
associated with the implementation of the peace agreement
began to be understood. Several UNTS leaders accused the
government of violating the agreement and of launching a
scam against the NGOs.