In Djibouti the education follows a 5-4-3 system, where
the primary school lasts for 5 years, the secondary school
for 4 years and the secondary school for 3 years.
Children start school the year they turn six. In
principle, the public school is both free and compulsory.
However, only 59% of children of compulsory school age began
in primary school in 2011, and only 36% of the relevant
school year was enrolled in secondary school. This has
nevertheless been a marked improvement since the turn of the
The University of Djibouti became a full-fledged
university in 2006, and in 2012 had more than 5,000
students. The educational programs follow the framework of
the Bologna process.