Cuban education is considered to be of high quality, and
Cuban students score very high on international knowledge
tests in mathematics, science and languages.
After the revolution in Cuba in 1959, a dramatic
quantitative expansion of the education system has taken
place at all levels. Education is seen as an important means
in the development of society. The combination of theory and
practice, study and work, is fundamental to Cuban
educational philosophy and is reflected in the content and
method of education. All education from preschool to
university is free and paid for by the state. Check topschoolsintheusa for test centers of ACT, SAT, and GRE as well high schools in the country of Cuba.
98% of children attend preschool for at least one year.
The school is compulsory for 9 years. The primary school is
divided into two steps (4 + 2), the secondary school is also
divided into two (3 + 3) with academic or vocational field
of study. Over 95% complete 12 years of education.
About. 25% of young people take higher education. Higher
education is free and offered in universities, colleges,
institutes and polytechnic institutions.
Adult illiteracy is estimated at just over 3% (2000).
Havana, La Habana, the capital of Cuba; 2.1 million residents (2012). The
town is ideally located around a natural harbor on the island's north coast
approximately 175 km SW of Key West, Florida. Havana is one of the oldest and most
historically important cities in the Caribbean.
The city's development is linked to the port, which was first the gathering
place of silver for the Spaniards' annual convoy back home; later it became the
strategic and trade center for the Cuban rulers and criminal organizations in
the United States. Here were wealthy Americans who could settle in luxury
restaurants, nightclubs and casinos and with easy access to various drugs and
widespread prostitution. The 1959 Revolution put a thorough stop to this.
Havana is Cuba's political, economic and cultural center and the port is the
country's most important. The industry in particular includes the processing of
agricultural products such as sugar and tobacco; furthermore, there are iron,
steel, oil and chemical industries. Cuba's most important university is located
in Havana and is particularly well known for the medical science department,
which receives a large number of foreign students and who is a leading research
leader in several fields.
Havana is not only an old city, but also worn. Not much has been done to
preserve the old buildings; the revolutionary government gave higher priority to
the development of agricultural production.
The move to Havana has not been as great as it is from other Latin American
metropolitan areas, and the city is not characterized by actual slums. However,
thousands of homes are hardly suitable for housing, and renovation of the
housing stock is a huge task with long prospects. In 1998, Hurricane Georges
caused significant damage in La Habana Vieja district, which in 1982 came on
UNESCO's World Heritage List. Also four fortifications at the harbor are
protected under UNESCO, which provides grants for restoration of the numerous
churches, palaces, monasteries, colonnades and sites of the Spanish era. This
focus on the past is part of the Cuban government's commitment to increased
Havana was founded by the Spaniards in 1515 probably on the southern coast of
Cuba, but already in 1519 moved to its present location, where among other
things. the climate was better. The good harbor and the opportunity to exploit
the Gulf Stream towards Europe soon made the place one of the most important
pile places in the Spanish colonies; the city grew rapidly, and in 1592 it
became the seat of the governor.
The competing colonial powers attacked Havana several times, and during the
Seven Years' War (1756-63) the British occupied the city in 1762. At the close
of peace the following year, Spain returned Havana in return for the
relinquishment of Florida.
From Cuba's secession from Spain in 1898 to the 1959 revolution, Havana was
closely linked to the United States.