Up to 1991, when Croatia belonged to Yugoslavia, the
country had been characterized by a socialist social system,
though with an economic system that was largely governed by
market principles. In 1945–58 the compulsory school
consisted of classes 1–7 and then increased by another year
(1–8). The training was mainly vocational preparation. After
independence, Croatia's education system was reformed.
Since 2010, the school system consists of preschool,
elementary or elementary school, upper secondary school and
higher education. The eight-year compulsory school is
compulsory. The upper secondary level comprises three types
of schools: colleges, vocational schools and artistic
schools. The upper secondary school comprises four years and
vocational training three to five years. The artistic
education is of varying length.
Prior to 1998, there were no private schools in Croatia.
Subsequently, a few such schools have been established.
According to the government, not all are considered to meet
the requirements of the country's schools and have therefore
not been recognized. Check topschoolsintheusa for test centers of ACT, SAT, and GRE as well high schools in the country of Croatia.
Previously, applicants for higher education must meet the
requirements for a high school diploma and be approved in
matura, which was a government test in Croatian,
mathematics and a foreign language. Nowadays admission to
higher education is based on the high school grades.
Croatia has joined the Bologna system for higher
education, which means that this education includes
undergraduate, master's and postgraduate education. There
are about 100 government institutions for higher education.
The corresponding figure for those run privately is 40.
About 165,000 students read some form of higher education
(2016). 56 percent of them are women and 44 percent are men.
Croatia has seven state and three private universities.
Adult education is primarily aimed at qualifying
participants for different professions and providing them
with citizenship knowledge.