Up to 1991, when Croatia belonged to Yugoslavia, the
country had been characterized by a socialist social system,
though with an economic system that was largely governed by
market principles. In 1945–58 the compulsory school
consisted of classes 1–7 and then increased by another year
(1–8). The training was mainly vocational preparation. After
independence, Croatia's education system was reformed.
Since 2010, the school system consists of preschool,
elementary or elementary school, upper secondary school and
higher education. The eight-year compulsory school is
compulsory. The upper secondary level comprises three types
of schools: colleges, vocational schools and artistic
schools. The upper secondary school comprises four years and
vocational training three to five years. The artistic
education is of varying length.
Prior to 1998, there were no private schools in Croatia.
Subsequently, a few such schools have been established.
According to the government, not all are considered to meet
the requirements of the country's schools and have therefore
not been recognized. Check topschoolsintheusa for test centers of ACT, SAT, and GRE as well high schools in the country of Croatia.
Previously, applicants for higher education must meet the
requirements for a high school diploma and be approved in
matura, which was a government test in Croatian,
mathematics and a foreign language. Nowadays admission to
higher education is based on the high school grades.
Croatia has joined the Bologna system for higher
education, which means that this education includes
undergraduate, master's and postgraduate education. There
are about 100 government institutions for higher education.
The corresponding figure for those run privately is 40.
About 165,000 students read some form of higher education
(2016). 56 percent of them are women and 44 percent are men.
Croatia has seven state and three private universities.
Adult education is primarily aimed at qualifying
participants for different professions and providing them
with citizenship knowledge.
The country's economy remained in poor condition. Growth
in 2014 was -0.6% - the 6th year of negative growth - and
unemployment reached 19.6%. Joining the EU had not
contributed to improving the country's economy.
In June 2015, Osijek High Court upheld the Zagreb court
judgment, saying that Zagreb Prize had violated the honor
and dignity of a former Croatian radio and TV (HRT)
journalist when they placed her on a list of candidates for
the award as the most homophobic person in 2013. The court
ordered Zagreb Pride to pay € 5,414 in compensation to the
journalist and publish the verdict on their Web site.
In August 2015, official Croatia celebrated the 20th
anniversary of Operation Storm, which marked the beginning
of the cleansing of 200,000 Serbs from the country. The
celebration once again brought to light the conflicts
between Croats and the remaining Serbs. In the city of
Vukovar, the city council announced that all street names
written in Cyrillic (Serbian) letters would be removed and a
special tax would be introduced for those of the city's
citizens who wrote to the municipality in Cyrillic writing.
34% of the city's residents are of Serbian origin.
Croatia became a transit country for the huge influx of
refugees through Europe in 2015. 550,000 passed through the
country, but only a few hundred applied for asylum and in
October only 37 had received asylum. The country defaulted
on its obligations according to. The Refugee Convention to
identify and take care of weak refugees - including
unaccompanied children and victims of human trafficking.
The November 2015 parliamentary election was a staggering
defeat for the government alliance, Croatia Vokser (with HDZ
as the largest party). The alliance lost 17 seats and had to
settle for 56. In contrast, the National Conservative
Alliance led the Patriotic Coalition 15 seats, gaining 59.
As an expression of general politician, the newly formed
Conservative Alliance, the Bridge of Independent Lists
(MOST), entered Parliament with 19 seats. After over two
months of complicated negotiations, the two Conservative
alliances decided to form government with independent
Croatian-Canadian businessman Tihomir Orešković as prime
minister. The government had a narrow majority, which did
not last long, however. In June 2016, it lost a vote of no
confidence in Parliament when 125 voted against it and only
15 voted. The government resigned and in July Parliament was
dissolved. The government crisis was caused by a growing
tension between MOST and HDZ, whose chairman Tomislav
Karamarko was involved in economic crime. Both opposition
and MOST on several occasions called for Karamarko to
resign, but in vain. Only in mid-June, when a parliamentary
commission of inquiry had determined that Karamarko was
guilty, did he resign, but at the same time declared that he
would bring the case to the Constitutional Court.
Karamarko's wife was financially involved in a deal the
spring signed with a number of oil companies and oil and gas