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School and education in China

Education has been a high priority of the Communist Party in China since 1949, although there has at times been great disagreement over the function and content of education. During the cultural revolution, much of the higher education system was abolished, and one of the slogans was: "Rather red than expert!" During the 1980s this changed. Professional knowledge and research again gained greater importance. Since 1985, an overarching goal has been for the education system to serve socialist modernization in order to contribute to the country's economic and social development.

Study in ChinaIn 1986, 9-year-olds became compulsory primary school adopted by the National Congress, and the reform was supposed to have been implemented in virtually the whole country by the year 2000. This goal has not yet been met (2005), and there are major regional differences in the school supply. There is also a lot of focus on 3-year-old preschools, which is considered important because most children do not have siblings. Around 40% of children attend preschool. Most start at school as 6-year-olds in the cities, as 7-year-olds in rural areas. After primary school, there are different types of "continuing schools", where technology, business, agriculture and health are considered important subjects. About. 60% of young people continue in high school. In principle, primary school is free, otherwise school fees must be paid at all levels of education, and school books must be purchased by students. Private schools have been allowed since the early 1980s. Check topschoolsintheusa for test centers of ACT, SAT, and GRE as well high schools in the country of China.

To enter universities and colleges, students must pass a state entrance exam. There is a lot of competition to enter public universities. As a result of the student riots in 1989, an additional year of political studies is now required before one can start studying. Prior to 1985, higher education was free, now students must compete for scholarships given after academic results. Around 7.5% of young people take higher education.

Before 1949 most of the population was illiterate. In 1999, the proportion of illiterates of the adult population was reported at approx. 15%.

Study in China

Chinese civilization has a number of characteristics that distinguish it from all other civilizations. No other country can show a similar societal continuity. The basic pattern of Chinese society goes back over 2,000 years in history. This societal system has been subject to change and improvement, but the basic pattern is preserved until modern times.

China has several times been conquered by people from the interior of Asia, but this has never led to fundamental changes in Chinese civilization. The comparatively few Mongol conquerors gradually became Sinified - made Chinese; They took over Chinese culture and often became more conservative than the Chinese themselves. The conquerors came from the north and the southern parts of China were never dominated by the foreigners, like the northern part of the country. China was a big country. Already in the 700s the country had a population of over 50 million. During the Han Dynasty - around the year 0 - China had about the same extent as it has today.

Early history

The Han Dynasty coincides with the heyday of the Roman Empire. But the Roman Empire perished because of internal dissolution and pressure from outside, and European civilization entered the period that some historians call the Dark Ages, when ancient culture and civilization disintegrated. China has never had a corresponding breach in its culture and civilization. China, therefore, until modern times has been the only real superpower in this part of the world. Chinese culture and civilization spread not only to the conquerors, but also to the surrounding countries. Not primarily because of military conquest, but because of the superiority of Chinese culture and civilization.

It is reason to believe that Chinese civilization was, by the end of the Middle Ages, superior to all other civilizations - including European ones.

China had a new heyday during the Tang Dynasty (618-907), when European civilization was characterized by decay, and again during the Sung Dynasty (960-1280).

As early as the 3rd century BCE, China began building the Great Wall to prevent invasions by the barbarians in the north. The structure ended up being 5,000 km long, but was ultimately unable to prevent China from being invaded by the Mongols. In 1276-1368, China was led by Genghis Khan and his grandson Kublai Khan.

Europeans who visited China after the country was conquered by the Mongols - from Marco Polo in the 13th century onwards - were full of admiration for Chinese culture and civilization. China was not simply an efficiently organized society. The Chinese had also long before the Europeans made a number of inventions, such as gunpowder, the printing press, the compass and ships with watertight bulkheads. In the 1400s, China sent large expeditions - of up to 70,000 men - to India, the Persian Gulf and to East Africa.

Some historians claim that during the Sung Dynasty - when China experienced strong economic progress and prosperous trade - there was in fact a possibility of a transition to an industrial revolution. If the Chinese trade and navy had been maintained - the Chinese navy was the European superior in the 1400s - the European advance towards South Asia in the 1500s might have been given a different character. But during the Ming dynasty that followed the Mongols, China withdrew within itself. Trade and shipbuilding ceased.

During the Manchu Dynasty (1644-1912), China had a new period of prosperity. The Mongolian people who had always been a threat in the past had now been pacified, and the Russian advance in Siberia had defiled the Mongolian people there. But from the mid-1800s, a new threat emerged: Western capitalist civilization. While Chinese society had always survived past challenges, it slowly succumbed to the clash of expanding capitalist civilization.

 

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