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Chile Education


During the colonial period, Chilean teaching was handled by the church. The first general education was organized in the mid-19th century, built and organized by the Venezuelan writer and philologist Andrés Bello, rector of the University of Santiago. However, it was not until 1920 that basic education for the ages of 7–15 years became compulsory. Illiteracy is very low in Latin American conditions, below 6%. Writing and reading skills increased from 50% to 80% during 1920–50.

Study in Chile

In today's Chile, education is conducted on four different levels according to There are special boys 'and girls' schools as well as mixed classes. At all stages there are private schools besides state and municipal schools, and they are often the obvious choice for the upper and middle class. The quality differences between different schools are large.

The preschool, enseñanza parvularia, is a stage for both childcare and school preparation. The compulsory compulsory school, enseñanza primaria or básica, is eight years old, encompasses children aged 6-13 and is free of charge if run under public administration. Schooling is divided into two stages in four years, where the first is dedicated to training the children's basic skills in different subjects, while the latter allows some specialization. In addition to the compulsory school, there is special education, enseñanza especial, for students with special needs. In practice, children often leave school to contribute to family support. High school, enseñanza secundaria or media has four-year theoretical lines with a humanistic or natural sciences orientation at educational institutions, and more professional lines in four to five years.

The higher education, educación superior, is built around universities, Universidades, vocational institutes, Institutos Profesionales, and technical education centers, Centros de Formación Técnica. The universities have different educational lines (education for agronomist, architect, biochemist, civil engineer, business engineer, forest engineer, doctor, lawyer, dentist, psychologist, chemist, pharmacist and veterinarian), which lead to an academic degree. Of the universities is Universidad de Chile(in Santiago) largest (founded 1842). Other institutes and centers provide education for all kinds of professions and specialties in addition to the thirteen careers reserved for the universities. Admission to the universities (and some vocational institutes) requires both the completion of the continuing school and the student to pass the general and special entrance exams available for each education.

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