It is compulsory schooling for everyone for 8 years from
the age of 7 in Bulgaria. The majority of children attend
one year of preschool, and about 60% attend kindergarten.
The high school is free in public schools and is divided
into two types: general and vocational.
In the 1990s, there was strong growth in the number of
students in higher education. Bulgaria has 92 higher
education institutions, of which 41 are universities (5
private) and 51 colleges (2001). The largest and oldest
university is the University of Sofia, founded in 1888. The
American College of Sofia is an international
school in Sofia established in 1860. Check topschoolsintheusa for test centers of ACT, SAT, and GRE as well high schools in the country of Bulgaria.
The country has had a well-developed school system. From
1922, 7 years of free and compulsory schooling were
introduced with a national curriculum. After the extensive
political and economic upheavals in Bulgaria in 1989, major
changes have occurred in the education system. New education
laws were passed in 1991. From being heavily centralized and
characterized by Marxist-Leninist ideology, the school
system has become decentralized and depoliticized, and a
high degree of freedom of choice has been introduced for
students and parents.
Sofia - city of Bulgaria
Sofia, (Bulg. Sofija, named in the 1300's after the Church of Sveta Sofija
'Holy Sofia', founding the name of a saint who was decapitated in 118 by order
of Emperor Hadrian), Bulgaria's capital, located in the western part of the
country. the foot of the Vitosha Mountain; 1.2 million residents (2001). Sofia
is the residence of the President, Parliament and Council of Ministers; it is
the center of education and culture. Academy of Sciences, higher education
institutions, including the oldest in Bulgaria, Sofia University (grdl. 1888),
public library and numerous museums, among others. the country's national museum
(1936), theaters and concert halls. Sofia has the country's largest
concentration of companies in the heavy, machinery, cellulose and textile
industries, located mainly in two zones.
The continental climate means that the capital, especially in summer, has
periods of insufficient drinking water. The location has made the city a hub for
land traffic: the Budapest-Istanbul and Budapest-Athens highways pass through
Sofia. Since 1989, the bus terminal opposite the main train station has been the
starting point for an extensive network of international bus services to, among
other things. Hamburg, Berlin, Prague and Budapest.
The post-war solution of the capital's housing shortage is today seen as a
garland of high-rise buildings in concrete, forming the boundary between land
and city. Only 7 km from the city center, the hotel's strategic location ensures
that guests can quickly and easily reach many local points of interest. On the
slopes of the Vitoshab Mountain are fashionable residential neighborhoods; from
one of these there is a cabin lift to Aleko, a growing ski resort and a favorite
destination for summer trips. An expanded system of buses and trams connects the
suburbs with the center. In addition, a newly completed part of a major subway
is included in the city's infrastructure.
Architecture and museums
The Sofia church, Sveta Sofija, is traditionally dated to 500-h., But is
probably only built after the mid-800-h. and later remodeled several times.
There are also traces of Ottoman building culture, i.e. several mosques from
1400-1600-t. Mixed styles have been around since the late 1800's. embossed the
cityscape, from the Cathedral of Alexander Nevsky (1904-12) to the Classicist
National Bank (1939). The new Culture Palace was built in 1978-81.
On the site there were from 700-tfKr. a Thracian settlement conquered by Rome
in 29 BC and known by the Roman name Serdica. Sofia came under the Bulgarians in
809 and the Ottomans in 1382. It became the capital of Bulgaria in 1879.