Africa Asia Europe North America South America Oceania
You are here: Home > South America > Brazil

School and education in Brazil

In Brazil, 8-year-olds are compulsory and free primary school from the children is 7 to 14 years old. About. 97% of children start primary school. The high school lasts for 3 to 4 years. About. 70% of the 15-17 age group starts in high school. The operation of primary and secondary schools falls under the state and municipalities. Education policy has emphasized decentralization of the education sector since the 1990s.

There are close to 900 higher education institutions, 25% of which are public and 75% private. 130 of these have university status. Around 20% take higher education. The federal government is responsible for higher education. Check topschoolsintheusa for test centers of ACT, SAT, and GRE as well high schools in the country of Brazil.

There are large regional differences in participation in education and quality of education, especially between schools in the southern part of the country and in the poorer areas of the north. School development has also not kept pace with population growth. At all levels there are private schools, most of which are upper secondary and higher level.

Brazilian educator Paulo Freire, one of today's best-known educators, worked to combat illiteracy in Brazil. He wrote in 1968 the pedagogy of the oppressed. His ideas have been seen as a contribution to the teaching of illiteracy throughout the world.

The proportion of illiterate persons has dropped considerably, but in 2000 it was estimated to be approx. 13% of the population over the age of 15, roughly equally divided between men and women.

Study in Brazil

1889 Republic

In the last decades of the 19th century, the gap between country and city increased sharply. Both between the layers in the cities, the military and the coffee producers pushed for a rapid modernization of society. For them, the monarchy was far too closely tied to the old mode of production and the cattle owners. The Republic was a more suitable model of capitalist development, these three layers required. In 1889, a conspiracy among these modernization-oriented layers gained support in the army. Pedro II abdicated and went into exile in Europe.

The abolition of slavery and the fall of the monarchy opened to a period of social, political and economic change that accelerated modernization, although not without political, social and religious trauma. The creation and consolidation of Republican institutions faced serious difficulties. In 1894, Prudente de Morais was elected the first civilian president of the republic. By 1893, the Federal Republican Party had been formed, and the same year and the following it revolted in the Navy.

In 1893-95, Brazil experienced a federalist revolution in the Rio Grande do Sul. In 1896-97, the people of Sertao in northeastern Brazil supported the Canudo War, where a religious community faced the authorities. It was first crushed when federal troops were deployed. The latter war became largely a symbol of the clash between the poor, illiterate and fanatical inner Brazil and the besieged coastal area, which was in rapid economic development and closely linked to modernization.

Until 1920, social uprisings, authoritarian explosions in the northeastern certao and the fighting between regional oligarchs were all frequent. An electoral body had not yet been set up, voting was not secret and dissatisfaction with the election results was chronic. It was no wonder, since in many cases it said deceased on the lists. The period from the creation of the republic to 1930 is also called the "old republic."

On the economic level, coffee emerged as the most important export item. World War I, 1914-18, was for Brazil an almost euphoric economic period, as the country was one of the largest suppliers of consumer goods to the countries at war.. But in 1920-30, coffee became a problem for the Brazilian economy. International competition reduced sales, and with the outbreak of the world crisis in 1929, Brazil burned 29 million bags of coffee that could not be sold.

 

Other Countries in South America

Education VV Copyright 2006 - 2020 All Rights Reserved