In 1962, Parliament passed a law that largely regulates
the education system. The provincial parliaments can only
issue certain provisions in the general framework. Since
education laws have constitutional status, a 2/3 majority is
required for admission. In practice, this requires a
consensus between the two major parties, which has been an
obstacle to decisive reforms. of the structure of the lower
secondary school, which meant that (1997) a parallel school
system from year 5 is still being applied.
There is a compulsory schooling from 6 to 15 years of
age. The majority attend public schools, only 7% in private
schools, most run by the Catholic Church. After 4 years of
primary school, the main part, about 2/3, continues in the
4-year Hauptschule, which is an extension of
primary school, while about 1/3 goes to 8-year-old high
school. This parallel school system continues at the
4-year upper secondary level, which receives 2/3 of the
students at the lower secondary level. The others go to a
5-year higher vocational school. Moving between school types
is rare. The high school's higher stage prepares for the
university. Practical vocational training is communicated
within the companies, and students usually spend one day a
week in vocational schools, where also some general
education is provided (duale Berufsbildung).
Austria traditionally has a rich selection of vocational
training programs. Check topschoolsintheusa for test centers of ACT, SAT, and GRE as well high schools in the country of Austria.
There are three types of university studies: 4-year
studies for the master's degree, which can be taken in over
a hundred subjects, studies for a doctorate for at least two
years after the master's degree, and a series of shorter
study programs which usually do not lead to the degree.
Austria has 12 universities and 6 colleges for aesthetic
subjects. The study period, especially the first-mentioned
courses, is usually considerably longer than the official
one, and only slightly more than half of the registered
university students take the degree.