Asia - continent of contrasts
When it comes to Asia, superlatives are unavoidable: the largest continent on
earth is also the most populous with more than four billion inhabitants. The
highest mountains, the deepest lake and the largest forest area in the world are
also in Asia. Here there is the highest proportion of raw materials worldwide.
The huge continent is difficult to describe in a few sentences. The landscape,
cultural and economic differences between the individual countries are
There are generally six Asian subregions. The Asian
part of Russia is located in North Asia, often referred to as
Siberia. With 13 million square kilometers of land, it covers three quarters of
the Russian territory.
The landscape in the sparsely populated area is characterized by huge
coniferous forests and endless steppes. The states of Central and Western Asia,
located southwest of Siberia, are often referred to as the Near and
Middle East. This region is full of contrasts. Countries such as
Afghanistan and Iran have made headlines in recent years, especially as the
scene of political and religious conflicts. The Asian part of Turkey and
the extremely wealthy United Arab Emirates, however, prefer to every year
millions of tourists. Here, sun-drenched beaches and cultural sights attract.
South Asia joins east of this region. The largest country in
this region is India, which with 1.2 billion inhabitants is the most populous
country in the world after China. In the northeast, the Himalayan Mountains form
the geographical border with China. The vast country can look back on thousands
of years of cultural history, the stone evidence of which is the Great Wall of
China or the terracotta army of Xi'an.
At the same time, the country has become one of the most important
economic nations in the world in recent decades. This is particularly
noticeable in the mega cities like Beijing or Shanghai. The countries
of Japan and South Korea, which also belong to East Asia, are also characterized
by a flourishing economy and ultra-modern cities such as Tokyo and Seoul.
The Southeast Asia region and south of China is also popular with
tourists. Countries such as Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia and Vietnam have a
tropical climate according to
Abbreviationfinder. Dense rainforests, fantastic beaches and colorful underwater
worlds make the region attractive. Singapore has a special position. At just 716
square kilometers, it is the smallest country in Asia. Due to its long colonial
history, its prosperity and the multicultural population, the city-state is a
good "entry" into the world of Southeast Asia.